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Bridging the gap: citizenship diversity and global innovation networks in small and medium size companies


  • Markus Grillitsch
  • Cristina Chaminade


Recent literature stresses the increasing importance of global innovation networks (GINs) as a mechanism to organize innovation across geographical space. This paper investigates why and to what extent citizenship diversity of the firm's employees relates to the engagement of small and medium size companies in GINs. Citizenship diversity provides knowledge about the institutional context of other countries, increased capabilities to deal with institutional differences, larger social networks to build GINs and a broader search space. Further, the paper examines how the absorptive capacity of firms mediates the relationship between citizenship diversity and GINs. The empirical study is based on a linked employee-employer dataset with 6,771 observations of innovative small and medium size firms in Sweden. It provides strong evidence that the engagement in GINs is positively related to citizenship diversity, depending, however, on the absorptive capacity of firms.

Suggested Citation

  • Markus Grillitsch & Cristina Chaminade, 2018. "Bridging the gap: citizenship diversity and global innovation networks in small and medium size companies," European Planning Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 26(12), pages 2279-2303, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:eurpls:v:26:y:2018:i:12:p:2279-2303
    DOI: 10.1080/09654313.2018.1520812

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    Cited by:

    1. Lin, Jingyi & Plechero, Monica, 2019. "Global innovation networks for Chinese high tech small and medium enterprises: the supportive role of highly skilled migrants and returnees," Papers in Innovation Studies 2019/5, Lund University, CIRCLE - Center for Innovation, Research and Competences in the Learning Economy.

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