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Diffusion of Medical Technology and Equity in Health in Brazil: an Exploratory Analysis


  • Sebastião Loureiro
  • Bruno Simões
  • Erika Aragão
  • Fabio Mota
  • Hamilton Moura
  • Luciano Damasceno


This paper provides an exploratory empirical analysis of the relationship between the increasing diffusion of innovative medical technology and inequities in access to medical care, for the case of Brazil. The paper examines the spread at state level of three types of equipment emblematic of medical innovation: magnetic resonance, tomography and dialysis machines. The data analysis indicates that the diffusion of new medical technology is positively associated with average state incomes, and that inequalities of access had widened over time. The results suggest that to decrease inequities in access to innovative medical technology requires higher public investment and priority allocation to deficit areas. Cet article propose une analyse empirique de la relation entre diffusion d'une technologie médicale de pointe au Brésil et les inéquités en matière d'accès aux soins de santé. L'article examine la diffusion de trois types d'équipement au niveau des Etats: les IRM, le scanner et les machines de dialyse. L'examen des données montre que la diffusion de la nouvelle technologie médicale est associée positivement avec les revenus publics, et que les inégalités d'accès ont augmenté avec le temps. Les résultats suggèrent que pour faire baisser les inéquités dans ce domaine, il faut des investissements prioritaires dans les régions déficitaires.

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  • Sebastião Loureiro & Bruno Simões & Erika Aragão & Fabio Mota & Hamilton Moura & Luciano Damasceno, 2007. "Diffusion of Medical Technology and Equity in Health in Brazil: an Exploratory Analysis," The European Journal of Development Research, Taylor and Francis Journals, vol. 19(1), pages 66-80.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:eurjdr:v:19:y:2007:i:1:p:66-80 DOI: 10.1080/09578810601144319

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Pagan,Adrian & Ullah,Aman, 1999. "Nonparametric Econometrics," Cambridge Books, Cambridge University Press, number 9780521355643, March.
    2. Gary Fields & Paul Cichello & Samuel Freije & Marta Menéndez & David Newhouse, 2003. "For Richer or for Poorer? Evidence from Indonesia, South Africa, Spain, and Venezuela," The Journal of Economic Inequality, Springer;Society for the Study of Economic Inequality, vol. 1(1), pages 67-99, April.
    3. Bound, John, et al, 1994. "Evidence on the Validity of Cross-Sectional and Longitudinal Labor Market Data," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 12(3), pages 345-368, July.
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