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The Adoption of IFRS 3: The Effects of Managerial Discretion and Stock Market Reactions

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  • Mattias Hamberg
  • Mari Paananen
  • Jiri Novak

Abstract

In recent years, several accounting standards, including IFRS 3, issued by the IASB, substitute historical cost with fair value measures and so provide managers with increased discretion to determine fair value without an actual market for the asset. Using Swedish data, we document the accounting consequences of the adoption of IFRS 3 and the stock market's reaction. After the adoption of this standard in January 2005 the amount of capitalized goodwill increased substantially. Goodwill impairments under IFRS are considerably lower than goodwill amortizations and impairments made under Swedish GAAP. Consequently, the adoption of IFRS 3 increased reported earnings. An analysis of economic incentives influencing the impairment decision at the initial adoption of IFRS 3 shows that tenured management is negatively associated with the impairment decision. However, most firms did not reclassify goodwill or make additional impairments. Firms with substantial amounts of goodwill yielded abnormally high returns despite abnormally low earnings. Investors seem to, correctly or incorrectly, have viewed the accrual-based increase in earnings stemming from IFRS 3 as an indication of higher future cash flows.

Suggested Citation

  • Mattias Hamberg & Mari Paananen & Jiri Novak, 2011. "The Adoption of IFRS 3: The Effects of Managerial Discretion and Stock Market Reactions," European Accounting Review, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(2), pages 263-288.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:euract:v:20:y:2011:i:2:p:263-288
    DOI: 10.1080/09638181003687877
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. De George, Emmanuel T. & Li, Xi & Shivakumar, Lakshmanan, 2016. "A review of the IFRS adoption literature," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 67599, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
    2. repec:hur:ijaraf:v:7:y:2017:i:2:p:177-196 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Emmanuel T. De George & Xi Li & Lakshmanan Shivakumar, 2016. "A review of the IFRS adoption literature," Review of Accounting Studies, Springer, vol. 21(3), pages 898-1004, September.
    4. Begoña Giner & Francisca Pardo, 2015. "How Ethical are Managers’ Goodwill Impairment Decisions in Spanish-Listed Firms?," Journal of Business Ethics, Springer, vol. 132(1), pages 21-40, November.
    5. Nicola Giuseppe Castellano & Katia Corsi & Roberto Del Gobbo, 2015. "Goodwill Disclosure in Europe. Profiles of disclosing companies," Eastern European Business and Economics Journal, Eastern European Business and Economics Studies Centre, vol. 1(2), pages 32-65.
    6. Carla Carvalho & Ana Maria Rodrigues & Carlos Ferreira, 2016. "The Recognition of Goodwill and Other Intangible Assets in Business Combinations – The Portuguese Case," Australian Accounting Review, CPA Australia, vol. 26(1), pages 4-20, March.
    7. Lambert Jerman, 2015. "Les Enjeux De L'Application Des Normes Ias-Ifrs : L'Etude Des Preparateurs Des Comptes, Une Perspective De Recherche Encore Inexploree," Post-Print hal-01188736, HAL.
    8. repec:eeb:15v1n2:v:1:y:2015:i:2:p:32-65 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Lionel Escaffre & Réda Sefsaf, 2013. "L'impact de l'évaluation IFRS des écarts d'acquisition sur la gestion des résultats : Cas de la France et du Royaume-Uni," Post-Print hal-00996787, HAL.

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