The effect of trade on productivity growth and the demand for skilled workers in Canada
We use an input-output model to examine the effect of trade integration on productivity growth and the demand for skilled workers in Canada for the period 1981-1997. We find that trade integration has a positive effect on both labour productivity and total factor productivity. Labour productivity and total factor productivity grew faster in export and import industries than in the total business sector over this period, and this productivity growth gap has widened over time. Canada is found to have a comparative advantage in capital- and natural-resource-intensive industries, although it has declined over time. We find that trade integration has little effect on the demand for skilled and unskilled workers in Canada.
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Volume (Year): 17 (2005)
Issue (Month): 3 ()
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