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Tourism's contribution to poverty alleviation: A community perspective from Tanzania


  • Michael Muganda
  • Mondher Sahli
  • Karen A Smith


Taking a micro-level approach, this study questions whether the positive impacts of tourism often claimed at the macro level do indeed trickle down to the grassroots level to lift local people out of poverty. A case study of the local community in Barabarani village, Mto wa Mbu, Arusha, on Tanzania's popular northern tourist circuit, compares the perspectives of local residents and key decision-makers in the community. The extent to which tourism development has affected seven signifiers of poverty alleviation are examined: accessibility improvement (transport and communication), prices of goods and services, entrepreneurial training, income-generating projects, employment opportunities, general quality of life and household income. Most of the local community felt tourism development is having a positive impact and contributing to poverty alleviation, especially in terms of improving local facilities. However, there are variations, with household distance from the main road through the community being a determining factor.

Suggested Citation

  • Michael Muganda & Mondher Sahli & Karen A Smith, 2010. "Tourism's contribution to poverty alleviation: A community perspective from Tanzania," Development Southern Africa, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 27(5), pages 629-646.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:deveza:v:27:y:2010:i:5:p:629-646
    DOI: 10.1080/0376835X.2010.522826

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