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Fragmentation of resource governance along the shoreline of Lake Kariba, Zimbabwe


  • Lindah Mhlanga


The mid-Zambezi valley where Lake Kariba now lies was transformed at the end of the 1950s from a previously complex integrated knowledge and resource management system that supported the livelihoods of the Tonga people to the existing dysfunctional assemblage of fragmented systems. This fragmentation of resource governance, through a tenure shift in which large areas were designated as protected land, transferred power from local people to the state. Today the valley supports diverse economic interests, to the detriment of the local inhabitants, who have been marginalised. At stake are issues of sustainability and livelihoods. This paper discusses the status of woodland and wildlife and the failure of the Communal Areas Management Programme for Indigenous Resources to improve the situation for the local people.

Suggested Citation

  • Lindah Mhlanga, 2009. "Fragmentation of resource governance along the shoreline of Lake Kariba, Zimbabwe," Development Southern Africa, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 26(4), pages 585-596.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:deveza:v:26:y:2009:i:4:p:585-596 DOI: 10.1080/03768350903181365

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Johan Fourie, 2006. "Economic Infrastructure: A Review Of Definitions, Theory And Empirics," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 74(3), pages 530-556, September.
    2. Fink, Carsten & Mattoo, Aaditya & Neagu, Ileana Cristina, 2005. "Assessing the impact of communication costs on international trade," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 67(2), pages 428-445, December.
    3. Robinson, James A. & Torvik, Ragnar, 2005. "White elephants," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(2-3), pages 197-210, February.
    4. Limao, Nuno & Venables, Anthony J., 1999. "Infrastructure, geographical disadvantage, and transport costs," Policy Research Working Paper Series 2257, The World Bank.
    5. Peter Perkins & Johann Fedderke & John Luiz, 2005. "An Analysis Of Economic Infrastructure Investment In South Africa," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 73(2), pages 211-228, June.
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