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A comparison of the technical efficiencies of health districts and hospitals in Botswana


  • Thekke Ramanathan
  • Koni Suresh Chandra
  • Wilson Thupeng


An attempt is made here to construct and present relative efficiency indices for the services rendered by health districts and specific hospitals in Botswana, using Stochastic Frontier Regression analysis and Data Envelopment Analysis. The analysis indicated that three districts - Kweneng East, Kgalagadi and Boteti - have efficiency scores below the optimum level. Among the 13 hospitals considered, Tsabong Primary Hospital was found to have an efficiency score of less than one. Since the health services involve a number of factors, these indices ought to serve as indicators for further scrutiny of those units (health districts and hospitals) that fall below the optimum efficiency level. The data used for the analysis are from the published material by the Central Statistics Office, Botswana for the year 1997. Health is considered one of the major concerns of the government of Botswana. As a consequence, the authors feel that this study will be useful to policy makers and health planners in giving them some kind of relative ranking among health districts and hospitals.

Suggested Citation

  • Thekke Ramanathan & Koni Suresh Chandra & Wilson Thupeng, 2003. "A comparison of the technical efficiencies of health districts and hospitals in Botswana," Development Southern Africa, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 20(2), pages 307-320.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:deveza:v:20:y:2003:i:2:p:307-320
    DOI: 10.1080/03768350302955

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    Cited by:

    1. Cláudia Araújo & Carlos Barros & Peter Wanke, 2014. "Efficiency determinants and capacity issues in Brazilian for-profit hospitals," Health Care Management Science, Springer, vol. 17(2), pages 126-138, June.

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