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Environmental and socio-economic factors behind food security policy strategies in Botswana


  • Cleophas Lado


This article examines the environmental and socio-economic factors influencing food security policy strategies in Botswana. First, the article provides the conceptual background to the magnitude of the issue of food production and security in southern Africa. Secondly, the physical and human environmental parameters influencing food production strategies are elucidated. Thirdly, issues of agricultural production-oriented ideology, including food self-sufficiency and security, food production and consumption trends, food insecurity and nutritional status of population are outlined. Fourthly, strategies for improving availability of and access to food, including policy intervention for food security, are discussed. Finally, the article outlines the findings of study of food security which point to the adoption of agricultural production technologies, extension expertise and provision of financial assistance to farmers. Successes in expanding food production and consumption, and in reducing production fluctuations to minimise dependence on food aid, require improvement in regional infrastructure to facilitate intraregional trade and flows of food from surplus to deficit areas in Botswana.

Suggested Citation

  • Cleophas Lado, 2001. "Environmental and socio-economic factors behind food security policy strategies in Botswana," Development Southern Africa, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 18(2), pages 141-168.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:deveza:v:18:y:2001:i:2:p:141-168
    DOI: 10.1080/037/68350120041875

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Sigwele, H K, 1990. "The Agricultural Economy of Botswana," 1990 Symposium, Agricultural Restructuring in Southern Africa, July 24-27, 1990, Swakopmund, Namibia 183483, International Association of Agricultural Economists.
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    Cited by:

    1. William G. Moseley, 2016. "Agriculture on the Brink: Climate Change, Labor and Smallholder Farming in Botswana," Land, MDPI, Open Access Journal, vol. 5(3), pages 1-14, June.

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