IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/taf/clarxx/v38y2013i5p593-606.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

Historical Changes in the Distribution and Abundance of Constructed Ponds in Response to Changing Population Density and Land Use

Author

Listed:
  • George Winfield Fairchild
  • Christopher Robinson
  • Andrew S. Brainard
  • Gary W. Coutu

Abstract

In the United States most ponds are constructed for varying purposes and at varying historical rates, yet little attention is paid to their presence or ecological impact. We evaluated changes in pond density, landscape position with respect to streams, and rates of pond construction and loss within a watershed in southeastern Pennsylvania and northern Delaware that has experienced increases in population density and associated changes in land use. Based on aerial photographs taken on nine dates between 1937 and 2005, and maps prepared in 1883, abundances of all water bodies declined slightly from 1883 to 1937, then increased 18-fold during the remainder of the study period. Most ponds in 1883 (94.6%) were 'in-line' impoundments receiving stream inflows, whereas 'off-line' water bodies without inflows represented 77.3% of total ponds in 2005. Pond loss rates averaged 3.2%/year between 1883 and 1946, but declined to 0.16%/year between 1946 and 2005. Because of their changing abundance and landscape position, ponds are assuming rapidly changing ecological roles within the watershed.

Suggested Citation

  • George Winfield Fairchild & Christopher Robinson & Andrew S. Brainard & Gary W. Coutu, 2013. "Historical Changes in the Distribution and Abundance of Constructed Ponds in Response to Changing Population Density and Land Use," Landscape Research, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 38(5), pages 593-606, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:clarxx:v:38:y:2013:i:5:p:593-606
    DOI: 10.1080/01426397.2012.672640
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://hdl.handle.net/10.1080/01426397.2012.672640
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    More about this item

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:taf:clarxx:v:38:y:2013:i:5:p:593-606. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Chris Longhurst). General contact details of provider: http://www.tandfonline.com/clar20 .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.