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Water Quality: Assessment of the Current Situation in Asia


  • Alexandra Evans
  • Munir Hanjra
  • Yunlu Jiang
  • Manzoor Qadir
  • Pay Drechsel


The uncontrolled release of sewage, industrial wastes, and agricultural run-off continue to affect Asia. Although many Asian countries are getting closer to meeting the improved sanitation targets, much of the waste remains untreated. Comprehensive databases are rarely available and national data indicate that the water quality situation is serious. However, there are many signs of hope. Water quality monitoring efforts are improving and several countries now have systems in place that could guide other nations in the region. The efforts of basin agencies, such as the Mekong River Commission, could lead the way to transboundary or even regional assessments. Many regulatory and economic options are being tested for pollution control, but institutional and social challenges remain, in particular those related to population growth and the various ways in which it is affecting water quality across the region.

Suggested Citation

  • Alexandra Evans & Munir Hanjra & Yunlu Jiang & Manzoor Qadir & Pay Drechsel, 2012. "Water Quality: Assessment of the Current Situation in Asia," International Journal of Water Resources Development, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 28(2), pages 195-216.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:cijwxx:v:28:y:2012:i:2:p:195-216
    DOI: 10.1080/07900627.2012.669520

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    Cited by:

    1. Bijoyee Sarker & Kamrun N. Keya & Fatin I. Mahir & Khandakar M. Nahiun & Shahirin Shahida & Ruhul A. Khan, 2021. "Surface and Ground Water Pollution: Causes and Effects of Urbanization and Industrialization in South Asia," Scientific Review, Academic Research Publishing Group, vol. 7(3), pages 32-41, 07-2021.
    2. Kirschke, S. & Avellan, T. & Barlund, I. & Bogardi, J. J. & Carvalho, L. & Chapman, D. & Dickens, Chris W. S. & Irvine, K. & Lee, S. & Mehner, T. & Warner, S., 2020. "Capacity challenges in water quality monitoring: understanding the role of human development," Papers published in Journals (Open Access), International Water Management Institute, pages 192(5):298..

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