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Designing Anti-Poverty Programs in Emerging Economies in the 21st Century: Lessons from Indonesia for the World

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  • Benjamin A. Olken

Abstract

Governments of developing countries around the world have dramatically expanded social protection programs for the poor in recent decades. In doing so, they face a host of challenges in the targeting, design and implementation of these programs. In this paper, I describe the results from more than a decade of collaboration with the Indonesian government to understand how best to tackle these challenges, drawing primarily on evidence from randomised controlled trials. I highlight results that show the advantages of both community-based targeting and self-targeting, the importance of tangible information about beneficiaries’ rights in minimising leakage, and the remarkable impacts of conditional cash transfers in the medium term. I also describe several recent studies that use randomisation at scale to generate policy-relevant evidence.

Suggested Citation

  • Benjamin A. Olken, 2019. "Designing Anti-Poverty Programs in Emerging Economies in the 21st Century: Lessons from Indonesia for the World," Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 55(3), pages 319-339, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:bindes:v:55:y:2019:i:3:p:319-339
    DOI: 10.1080/00074918.2019.1690411
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    Blog mentions

    As found by EconAcademics.org, the blog aggregator for Economics research:
    1. Moving towards targeted anti-poverty programs: lessons from Indonesia
      by Alifia Firliani and Aulia Larasati in Development Policy Blog on 2020-04-20 20:00:49

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    Cited by:

    1. Hal Hill, 2020. "Indonesian Living Standards over 50 Years: A Multidimensional Analysis," Asian Economic Journal, East Asian Economic Association, vol. 34(3), pages 249-274, September.

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