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An Overview of the Proximate Determinants of Economic Growth in Indonesia Since 1960


  • Aldino Musyawwiri
  • Murat Üngör


In this paper, we address two questions. First, what determined the growth of GDP per worker in Indonesia from 1960 to 2014? We examine Indonesia’s economic performance, using a growth accounting framework. We show that economic growth during the Soeharto era after 1975 was mainly determined by an increase in capital accumulation. Negative growth in total factor productivity (TFP) during the Asian financial crisis was more noticeable in Indonesia than in comparable ASEAN countries. In Indonesia, the contribution of TFP growth turned persistently positive after 1999. Second, what are the key determinants of the GDP per worker differences between Indonesia and the United States? Using data from the recently updated Penn World Table database and employing a levels accounting method, we find that the gap in physical capital deepening between the two countries is of declining importance in explaining the gap in labour productivity between Indonesia and the United States. We then compare our findings with data from the World Bank’s Changing Wealth of Nations 2018.

Suggested Citation

  • Aldino Musyawwiri & Murat Üngör, 2019. "An Overview of the Proximate Determinants of Economic Growth in Indonesia Since 1960," Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 55(2), pages 213-237, May.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:bindes:v:55:y:2019:i:2:p:213-237
    DOI: 10.1080/00074918.2018.1550251

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