IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

The economics of pest and production management in small-holder cocoa: lessons from Sulawesi


  • Jessica Grace Perdew
  • Gerald Shively


We examine pest control and production management methods used by farmers in Sulawesi to improve cocoa bean quality and increase income from cocoa. Strategies investigated include those directed at increasing the number and size of cocoa pods, those aimed at reducing hosts for pest transmission, two input-intensive approaches, and the alternative of doing nothing beyond harvesting mature cocoa pods. Using 2005 production data from 600 cocoa farms, we identify factors correlated with adoption of each treatment and, controlling for treatment, isolate factors that influence cocoa yields. To study the conditional profitability of input allocation, we compare observed factor shares with profit-maximising input levels and derive lessons for extension efforts. We conclude that the average increase in private returns arising from more intensive cocoa management appears sufficient to compensate for higher production costs, but that observed extension efforts have not been correlated with higher profits among farmers in the sample.

Suggested Citation

  • Jessica Grace Perdew & Gerald Shively, 2009. "The economics of pest and production management in small-holder cocoa: lessons from Sulawesi," Bulletin of Indonesian Economic Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 45(3), pages 373-389.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:bindes:v:45:y:2009:i:3:p:373-389
    DOI: 10.1080/00074910903416288

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: Access to full text is restricted to subscribers.

    As the access to this document is restricted, you may want to search for a different version of it.

    References listed on IDEAS

    1. François Ruf & Frederic Lançon, 2004. "From Slash and Burn to Replanting : Green Revolutions in the Indonesian Uplands?," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 15015, August.
    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:taf:bindes:v:45:y:2009:i:3:p:373-389. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Chris Longhurst). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If CitEc recognized a reference but did not link an item in RePEc to it, you can help with this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.