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A robust analysis of the relationship between renewable energy consumption and its main drivers


  • Anis Omri
  • Saida Daly
  • Duc Khuong Nguyen


We provide a comprehensive and robust analysis of the drivers of renewable energy consumption for a panel of 64 countries, using both the static (Pooled OLS, Panel Fixed and Random Effects) and dynamic (difference and system GMM) panel data estimation approaches. We show that the dynamic panel data model provides more efficient estimators than the static ones and that increases in per capita CO 2 emissions and per capita trade with foreign partners mainly drive the changes in per capita renewable energy consumption. We also find limited evidence of oil price effects on renewable energy consumption, which reflects the fact that renewable energy is just a complement and not a perfect substitute of crude oil, at least in the short run.

Suggested Citation

  • Anis Omri & Saida Daly & Duc Khuong Nguyen, 2015. "A robust analysis of the relationship between renewable energy consumption and its main drivers," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 47(28), pages 2913-2923, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:applec:v:47:y:2015:i:28:p:2913-2923
    DOI: 10.1080/00036846.2015.1011312

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    1. repec:eee:enepol:v:117:y:2018:i:c:p:160-165 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. repec:eee:rensus:v:81:y:2018:i:p2:p:2335-2342 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Ben Jebli, Mehdi & Ben Youssef, Slim, 2017. "Investigating the interdependence between non-hydroelectric renewable energy, agricultural value added, and arable land use in Argentina," MPRA Paper 77513, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    4. repec:eee:appene:v:197:y:2017:i:c:p:29-39 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Kwakwa, Paul Adjei, 2015. "An investigation into the determinants of hydropower generation in Ghana," MPRA Paper 68033, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Ben Jebli, Mehdi & Ben Youssef, Slim, 2017. "Renewable energy, arable land, agriculture, CO2 emissions, and economic growth in Morocco," MPRA Paper 76798, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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