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Structural break, unit root, and the causality between government expenditures and revenues

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  • Muhammad Islam

Abstract

Government expenditures and revenues are shown to be trend stationary with a break in the deterministic trend. This is in contrast to the claim that these two series are non-stationary and integrated of order 1. It is therefore inappropriate to first difference data to achieve stationarity. Instead, data is appropriately de-trended using endogenously determined break dates. Tests using the de-trended data show that causality is unidirectional, with expenditures causing revenues.

Suggested Citation

  • Muhammad Islam, 2001. "Structural break, unit root, and the causality between government expenditures and revenues," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 8(8), pages 565-567.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:apeclt:v:8:y:2001:i:8:p:565-567
    DOI: 10.1080/13504850010018266
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    Cited by:

    1. Yaya Keho, 2010. "Spending Cuts or Tax Adjustments: How Can UEMOA Countries Control Their Budget Deficits?," International Journal of Business and Economics, College of Business and College of Finance, Feng Chia University, Taichung, Taiwan, vol. 9(3), pages 233-252, December.

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