IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Strengthening Research-Education-Extension (R-E-E) Linkage in New Context of Federal Structured Nepal


  • Jaishi, Mahesh


Objective:&The objective of this paper to examine the major limitations of past efforts in Nepal regarding the link between agriculture research, education, and extension and to highlight the government’s strategy and policy measures to overcome these limitations in the new federal structure in Nepal.&&Methodology:&The paper is based on the government policy paper, articles, books, reports, and website. Policymakers, faculties, and researchers from three major stakeholders of REE blended through key informant interviews.&Result:&&Paper concluded that linkages between the research, education, and service delivery are the weakest. Lack of extension policy, lack of joint ventures or common programs, no functional link between universities, agricultural ministry, research institute, and private sector in policy forums are weakening REE linkages. Rural extension and community development can be developed as a three-way partnership. i) land-grant university/college in each state including municipalities, ii) state government through ministry and department iii) local government through municipalities, and Community Agriculture Extension Service Centers (CAESC).&&Implication: A typological model is suggested to explain organizational and operational linkage strategies. Taking these together, the scattered efforts and services being provided by the existing structure, Agriculture Academic Institution (AAI) should able to fulfill these gaps with the close collaboration of community initiative as suggested by Agriculture Development Strategy (ADS). While doing so, the existing institutional structure can also be restructured and revitalized.&

Suggested Citation

  • Jaishi, Mahesh, 2020. "Strengthening Research-Education-Extension (R-E-E) Linkage in New Context of Federal Structured Nepal," Responsible Education, Learning and Teaching in Emerging Economies, CSRC Publishing, Center for Sustainability Research and Consultancy Pakistan, vol. 2(1), pages 1-11, October.
  • Handle: RePEc:src:relatj:v:2:y:2020:i:1:p:1-11

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    File URL:
    LibKey link: if access is restricted and if your library uses this service, LibKey will redirect you to where you can use your library subscription to access this item


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:src:relatj:v:2:y:2020:i:1:p:1-11. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no bibliographic references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Dr. Ghulam Fatima (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.