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articles: Firm clustering and innovation: Determinants and effects


  • Frans W.M. Boekema

    () (Faculty of Policy Sciences, University of Nijmegen, PO Box 9108, NL-6500 HK, Nijmegen, The Netherlands. Department of Economics, University of Tilburg, Warandelaan 2, NL-5000 LE, Tilburg, The Netherlands)

  • Marius T.H. Meeus

    () (Department of Innovation Studies, University of Utrecht, Heidelberglaan 8, NL-3584 CS, Utrecht, The Netherlands)

  • Leon A.G. Oerlemans

    () (Eindhoven Centre for Innovation Studies, Eindhoven University of Technology, Den Dolech 2, NL-5600 MB, Eindhoven, The Netherlands)


In this article we ask why innovator firms engage in innovation networks, and which factors explain the spatial dispersion of these networks. Benefits of the use of internal and external knowledge resources for innovative performance of firms were partially confirmed. Especially the utilisation of external competences drawn from buyers and suppliers had stronger effects on innovative performance if complexity of innovation projects was high. Spatial concentration of innovation networks of buyers and suppliers turned out to have a reciprocal, positive relation with interaction intensity between firms. Interaction enhances spatial concentration of relations and vice versa, although the strength of effects differs for ties with buyers and suppliers. Finally we found that higher regional economic embeddedness increases spatial concentration of innovation networks, whereas R& D effort had no effect at all.

Suggested Citation

  • Frans W.M. Boekema & Marius T.H. Meeus & Leon A.G. Oerlemans, 2001. "articles: Firm clustering and innovation: Determinants and effects," Papers in Regional Science, Springer;Regional Science Association International, vol. 80(3), pages 337-356.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:presci:v:80:y:2001:i:3:p:337-356
    Note: Received: 11 October 2000

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    Cited by:

    1. Fritsch, Michael & Slavtchev, Viktor, 2006. "Measuring the efficiency of regional innovation systems: an empirical assessment," Freiberg Working Papers 2006,08, TU Bergakademie Freiberg, Faculty of Economics and Business Administration.

    More about this item


    Organisational and spatial embeddedness; innovation output; networks;

    JEL classification:

    • O31 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Innovation and Invention: Processes and Incentives
    • O32 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Management of Technological Innovation and R&D
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes


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