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North American economic integration and industrial pollution in the Great Lakes region


  • David W. Roland-Holst

    (Mills College, Department of Economics, Oakland, CA 94613)

  • G. Chris Rodrigo

    () (School of Public Policy, George Mason University, 3401 North Fairfax Drive, MS 3B1, Arlington, VA 22201, USA)

  • Kenneth A. Reinert

    () (School of Public Policy, George Mason University, 3401 North Fairfax Drive, MS 3B1, Arlington, VA 22201, USA)


This paper provides an assessment of the impact of increased economic integration within North America on industrial pollution intensities within the Great Lake states of the United States. It utilizes a three-country, applied general equilibrium model of the North American economy, data from the World Bank's Industrial Pollution Projection System, and employment data from the US Bureau of Economic Analysis to simulate the industrial pollution impacts of North American trade liberalization within the Great Lakes region. The results reflect the liberalization of tariff and non-tariff barriers, their trade and production impacts, state-level shares in the production changes, and the resulting industrial effluent changes. Two trade liberalization experiments show that, in many cases, the Great Lake states account for a substantial portion of the total emission changes caused by North American economic integration. Of particular concern to the Great Lake states are the emissions of the base metals, transportation equipment, and petroleum sectors.

Suggested Citation

  • David W. Roland-Holst & G. Chris Rodrigo & Kenneth A. Reinert, 2002. "North American economic integration and industrial pollution in the Great Lakes region," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 36(3), pages 483-495.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:anresc:v:36:y:2002:i:3:p:483-495
    Note: Received: October 2001/Accepted: December 2001

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    JEL classification:

    • C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • Q2 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Renewable Resources and Conservation


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