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Regional investment incentives in Germany: Impacts on factor demand and growth

Author

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  • Gerhard Untiedt

    () (Gesellschaft für ökonomische Regionalanalysen , Salzmannstr. 152, 48159 Münster, Germany)

  • Hans Joachim Schalk

    () (ifo Institute for Economic Research, Poschingerstr. 5, 81679 Munich, Germany)

Abstract

The aim of this paper is to analyse the effects of regional investment incentives - a main component of regional policy in West Germany - on regional factor demand (investment and labor), growth and convergence of per capita income for the period 1978 to 1989. Demand for investment and labor arise from a model of cost minimization at given output with a putty-clay production function. The production function allows for regional technical efficiency. To model the output effect on factor demand an auxiliary output function is specified. In estimating the functions attention is given to the short-run dynamics and the long-run behaviour of factor demand by error-correction models. The empirical long-run relationships are then used to simulate the effects of regional investment incentives. In contrast to most studies for other countries the empirical results provide evidence that regional policy in Germany induces not only additional investment but also creates positive employment effects. However, the effects of regional investment incentives on growth and convergence of labor productivity are negligible.

Suggested Citation

  • Gerhard Untiedt & Hans Joachim Schalk, 2000. "Regional investment incentives in Germany: Impacts on factor demand and growth," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 34(2), pages 173-195.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:anresc:v:34:y:2000:i:2:p:173-195
    Note: Received: October 1996/Accepted: May 1999
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:zbw:rwimat:065 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Escribá, F. Javier & Murgui, Ma. José, 2009. "Government policy and industrial investment determinants in Spanish regions," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 39(4), pages 479-488, July.
    3. repec:eee:wdevel:v:96:y:2017:i:c:p:87-101 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Alm, Bastian & Bade, Franz-Josef, 2009. "The impact of firm subsidies: Evaluating German regional policy," EconStor Preprints 103402, ZBW - German National Library of Economics.
    5. Stefaan Decramer & Stijn Vanormelingen, 2016. "The effectiveness of investment subsidies: evidence from a regression discontinuity design," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 47(4), pages 1007-1032, December.
    6. Brown, Jason P. & Florax, Raymond J. G. M. & McNamara, Kevin T., 2009. "Determinants of Investment Flows in U.S. Manufacturing?," The Review of Regional Studies, Southern Regional Science Association, vol. 39(3), pages 269-286.
    7. Bernini, Cristina & Pellegrini, Guido, 2011. "How are growth and productivity in private firms affected by public subsidy? Evidence from a regional policy," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 41(3), pages 253-265, May.
    8. Cerqua, Augusto & Pellegrini, Guido, 2014. "Do subsidies to private capital boost firms' growth? A multiple regression discontinuity design approach," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 109(C), pages 114-126.
    9. Mika Haapanen & Anu Tokila & Jari Ritsilä, 2005. "When are investment subsidies crucial for investments?," ERSA conference papers ersa05p466, European Regional Science Association.
    10. Bjoern Alecke & Timo Mitze & Gerhard Untiedt, 2010. "Regionale Wachstumseffekte der GRW-Förderung? Eine räumlich-ökonometrische Analyse auf Basis deutscher Arbeitsmarktregionen," Working Papers 5-2010, GEFRA - Gesellschaft fuer Finanz- und Regionalanalysen.
    11. Björn Alecke & Timo Mitze & Gerhard Untiedt, 2013. "Growth effects of regional policy in Germany: results from a spatially augmented multiplicative interaction model," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 50(2), pages 535-554, April.
    12. Emil Adámek & Lucie Rybková, 2015. "Influence of Investment Incentives on Development of Regional Unemployment in the Czech Republic," European Journal of Business Science and Technology, Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Business and Economics, vol. 1(1), pages 5-14, November.
    13. repec:eee:touman:v:35:y:2013:i:c:p:156-167 is not listed on IDEAS
    14. Björn Alecke & Timo Mitze & Gerhard Untiedt, 2011. "Regionale Wachstumseffekte der GRW-Förderung? - Eine räumlich-ökonometrische Analyse auf Basis deutscher Arbeitsmarktregionen," RWI Materialien, Rheinisch-Westfälisches Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, pages 46, 03.
    15. Lammers, Konrad & Niebuhr, Annekatrin, 2002. "Erfolgskontrolle in der deutschen Regionalpolitik: Überblick und Bewertung," HWWA Reports 214, Hamburg Institute of International Economics (HWWA).
    16. Karl Brenke & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2009. "Ostdeutschland 20 Jahre nach dem Mauerfall: was war und was ist heute mit der Wirtschaft?," Vierteljahrshefte zur Wirtschaftsforschung / Quarterly Journal of Economic Research, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research, vol. 78(2), pages 32-62.
    17. Christian Leßmann & Joachim Ragnitz & Beate Schirwitz & Marcel Thum & Susan Kühn & Christian Thater, 2008. "Revolvierende Fonds als Instrument zur Neuausrichtung der Förderpolitik : Gutachten im Auftrag der Sächsischen Landesbank (SAB)," ifo Dresden Studien, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 44, October.
    18. John Bradley & Gerhard Untiedt, 2007. "Do economic models tell us anything useful about Cohesion Policy impacts? A comparison of HERMIN, QUEST and ECOMOD," Working Papers 3-2007, GEFRA - Gesellschaft fuer Finanz- und Regionalanalysen.
    19. Rosenfeld, Martin T. W. & Alecke, Björn & Franz, Peter & Heimpold, Gerhard & Kilper, Heiderose & Kunkel, Kirsten & Untiedt, Gerhard & Zillmer, Sabine, 2007. "Interregionale Ausgleichspolitik in Deutschland: Untersuchungen zu den Effekten ausgewählter Systeme zur Herstellung von "gleichwertigen Lebensverhältnissen"," IWH-Sonderhefte 2/2007, Halle Institute for Economic Research (IWH).
    20. Jonathan Eberle & Thomas Brenner, 2016. "More bucks, more growth, more justice? The effects of regional structural funds on regional economic growth and convergence in Germany," Working Papers on Innovation and Space 2016-01, Philipps University Marburg, Department of Geography.
    21. Stefan Arent & Alexander Eck & Oskar Krohmer & Robert Lehmann & Wolfgang Nagl & Joachim Ragnitz & Marcel Thum, 2011. "Wirtschaftliche Entwicklung Sachsens im Ländervergleich: Bestandsaufnahme und Perspektiven: Gutachten im Auftrag der Sächsischen Staatskanzlei," ifo Dresden Studien, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich, number 59, October.
    22. Augusto Cerqua & Guido Pellegrini, 2014. "Beyond the SUTVA: how policy evaluations change when we allow for interactions among firms," Working Papers 2/14, Sapienza University of Rome, DISS.
    23. Augusto Cerqua & Guido Pellegrini, 2013. "Beyond the SUTVA: how industrial policy evaluations change when we allow for interaction among firms," ERSA conference papers ersa13p340, European Regional Science Association.
    24. Marian Dinga, 2011. "The Role of Investment Incentives in Regional FDI Reallocation: A Regression-Discontinuity Approach," CERGE-EI Working Papers wp438, The Center for Economic Research and Graduate Education - Economics Institute, Prague.

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