IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

A Dispersed Equilibrium Commodity Trade Model


  • Roy, John R


For many bulk commodities, such as mineral ores, crude oil, building materials and food grains, the suppliers are increasingly in the position of being price-takers. This means that, in the short run, their main decisions relate to spatial choice of markets and setting of production levels within the currently available capacity. In this paper, an entropy maximization framework is introduced to handle dispersion about the profit-maximizing choice of markets and production levels by the suppliers. The model also uses information theory to implicitly account for certain rigidities in trading relationships resulting from non-price factors. Although demand functions must be provided exogenously, cost functions can be inferred from regional vintage production data, which in turn allow profit functions to be defined for each producing region or country. A unique and stable dispersed price equilibrium of the Walrasian type is established for this spatial system under quite general conditions.

Suggested Citation

  • Roy, John R, 1990. "A Dispersed Equilibrium Commodity Trade Model," The Annals of Regional Science, Springer;Western Regional Science Association, vol. 24(1), pages 13-28.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:anresc:v:24:y:1990:i:1:p:13-28

    Download full text from publisher

    To our knowledge, this item is not available for download. To find whether it is available, there are three options:
    1. Check below whether another version of this item is available online.
    2. Check on the provider's web page whether it is in fact available.
    3. Perform a search for a similarly titled item that would be available.

    More about this item


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:spr:anresc:v:24:y:1990:i:1:p:13-28. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Sonal Shukla) or (Rebekah McClure). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.