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The Development of Transport in the Czech Republic


  • Benes, Libor
  • Brezina, E.
  • Bulicek, J.
  • Mojzis, V.


Before 1989, transport in the former Czechoslovakia met its tasks based on the controlling principles of planned economy, focused eastwards and oriented on cooperation between the Eastern Bloc countries within COMECOM. Due to the preference for raw material extraction and heavy industry, the transport sector dealt mainly with transporting commodities of these branches with high demands in volume. The planned economic principles were also reflected by the consistent division of transport work with a preference for stack substrate transport by rail. The change of the political and economic circumstances in November 1989 influenced the life and needs of society substantially. A market economy has come, focused on the market of developed European countries and having an impact on the transport sector as such, individual transport systems, transport preferences and transported commodities [2]. As at 1 January 1993, Czechoslovakia has been divided into two independent countries, i.e. the Czech Republic and Slovakia. Therefore the following data from the Transport Statistics of the Czech Republic [1] are comparable starting from 1994. The authors of the article had data available until 2006.

Suggested Citation

  • Benes, Libor & Brezina, E. & Bulicek, J. & Mojzis, V., 2008. "The Development of Transport in the Czech Republic," European Transport \ Trasporti Europei, ISTIEE, Institute for the Study of Transport within the European Economic Integration, issue 39, pages 33-43.
  • Handle: RePEc:sot:journl:y:2008:i:39:p:33-43

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