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Economic Development, Co2 Emissions And Fossil Fuel Consumption In Turkey: An Ardl Bounds Testing Approach




Turkey has experienced a significant increase in energy consumption and carbon emissions in recent decades. The country is a candidate for full membership to the European Union and likely to face significant pressures to decrease her emission of carbon dioxide. This paper examines the long run Granger causality relationship between economic growth, carbon dioxide emissions and energy consumption from 1971 to 2007 in Turkey, controlling for capital stock and employment. Our finding from using autoregressive distributed lag bounds testing approach of cointegration suggest that in the long-run energy consumption, CO2 emission and capital formation Granger causes economic growth in the long run, while the results from error-correction model shows that in the short run only capital formation Granger causes economic growth. The results suggest that while controlling for carbon emissions is likely to have desirable effect on the real output growth of Turkey, the energy conservation policies will have adverse effect on economic growth in the long run.

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  • Zaur Gojayev & Tamat Sarmidi & Norlida Hanim Mohd Salleh & Yaghoob Jafari, 2012. "Economic Development, Co2 Emissions And Fossil Fuel Consumption In Turkey: An Ardl Bounds Testing Approach," Journal of Academic Research in Economics, Spiru Haret University, Faculty of Accounting and Financial Management Constanta, vol. 4(3 (Decemb), pages 257-270.
  • Handle: RePEc:shc:jaresh:v:4:y:2012:i:3:p:257-270

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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item


    Carbon dioxide emission; economic development; fossil fuel consumption; causality.;

    JEL classification:

    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General
    • Q40 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - General
    • Q43 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Energy - - - Energy and the Macroeconomy
    • Q50 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - General


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