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Ii. Gulf War, Usa, Great Middle East Project And Turkey




Middle East has always been the region having the first priority in the cynosure of USA because of two reasons. The first and the most important reason is petroleum. 61.9 % of petroleum reserves on the Earth are located in Middle East region. Therefore, meeting the petroleum need of the USA and its allies with a reasonable price and providing the constant petroleum flow from this region have been two important factors in the policy that the USA developed for the region. The global petroleum need will increase to daily 120 million barrels until 2030 from daily 75 million barrels by 1.6 % increase in each year according to the calculations carried out by economists of the USA. The USA shall oblige to pay US$ 150 billion in 2029 for the petroleum that it will import. The petroleum need of China will increase by a hundred percent, and EU will import 92 % of the petroleum that they consume at this date. The increase shown in the world’s energy demand in this way, explains what the real purpose of the USA is in its restructuring attempt towards Middle East region. The second reason is hindering the great forces and strong states in the region having influence over this region and keeping the region under the supervision of the USA. Once, the strongest power in the region was Iran, which had been also supported by the USA. Afterwards Iraq had taken the place of Iran. Also Iraq has gone together with Gulf War I. Henceforth the most important power of the region is Turkey. Because of this characteristic, Turkey carries of being threat against the interests of USA in the region. Also, interest perceptions between Turkey and the USA in the region do not overlap with each other. Therefore Turkey is the new competitor and target from the point of view of regional interests of the USA. When the developments are assessed by these points of view, the invasion of Iraq and development of new projects regarding the region by the USA has given the greatest damage to Turkey. Middle East’s geography demonstrates importance from views of politics, economics and security for the USA. If the USA, which has undertaken the role of being “the world’s gendarme†in order to be able to guarantee its global sovereignty would be able to realize its GMEP (Great Middle East Project), it would have been established its absolute hegemony. GMEP is the other name of restructuring the region together with its geo-strategic, military, political, and economic aspects. Iraq lives in a indefiniteness and transition period now. The people who will determine the future of the country will be the Shiites, who represent 60 % of the population of the country. The thing that observed from outside for now is that Shiites are against the existence of Americans in Iraq and the administration of Iraq under the rules established by themselves. Also, ensuring peace environment is being postponed gradually as long as the USA does not persuade Shiites. Furthermore, Arab-Islam world completely full of hate, wich is reflected to the outside of the country in the form of organized terrorist actions as military resistance or anarchy against the West and the USA. This feeling both makes the project of the USA difficult in the region and it drives the region to instability. Changed balances in the region together with Gulf War II is explained and afterwards the assessment of GMEP that the USA has implemented in the region from the point of view of Turkey will be carried out in this study.

Suggested Citation

  • Levent Gokdemir, 2009. "Ii. Gulf War, Usa, Great Middle East Project And Turkey," Journal of Academic Research in Economics, Spiru Haret University, Faculty of Accounting and Financial Management Constanta, vol. 1(3 (Decemb), pages 271-287.
  • Handle: RePEc:shc:jaresh:v:1:y:2009:i:3:p:271-287

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    Globalisation; petroleum; Middle East; Islam;

    JEL classification:

    • F02 - International Economics - - General - - - International Economic Order and Integration
    • F51 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - International Conflicts; Negotiations; Sanctions
    • F52 - International Economics - - International Relations, National Security, and International Political Economy - - - National Security; Economic Nationalism


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