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Technical Efficiency and Productivity Growth in an Era of Deregulation: the Case of Airlines

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  • Veronique Distexhe
  • Sergio Perelman

Abstract

In this paper we measure technical efficiency and productivity gains in airline activities. Non-parametric frontiers and Malmquist indices of productivity are estimated for thirty-three airlines observed over the period 1977-1988. We identify three sources of growth: technological progress, efficiency change and route network characteristics. The results bring to light the reasons that pushed several airlines to merge when markets were deregulated.

Suggested Citation

  • Veronique Distexhe & Sergio Perelman, 1994. "Technical Efficiency and Productivity Growth in an Era of Deregulation: the Case of Airlines," Swiss Journal of Economics and Statistics (SJES), Swiss Society of Economics and Statistics (SSES), vol. 130(IV), pages 669-689, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:ses:arsjes:1994-iv-4
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    2. Duygun, Meryem & Prior, Diego & Shaban, Mohamed & Tortosa-Ausina, Emili, 2016. "Disentangling the European airlines efficiency puzzle: A network data envelopment analysis approach," Omega, Elsevier, vol. 60(C), pages 2-14.
    3. repec:kap:jproda:v:47:y:2017:i:3:d:10.1007_s11123-016-0480-4 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. Zou, Bo & Elke, Matthew & Hansen, Mark & Kafle, Nabin, 2014. "Evaluating air carrier fuel efficiency in the US airline industry," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 59(C), pages 306-330.
    5. Li, Ye & Wang, Yan-zhang & Cui, Qiang, 2015. "Evaluating airline efficiency: An application of Virtual Frontier Network SBM," Transportation Research Part E: Logistics and Transportation Review, Elsevier, vol. 81(C), pages 1-17.
    6. repec:eee:appene:v:199:y:2017:i:c:p:13-24 is not listed on IDEAS
    7. Li, Ye & Wang, Yan-zhang & Cui, Qiang, 2016. "Has airline efficiency affected by the inclusion of aviation into European Union Emission Trading Scheme? Evidences from 22 airlines during 2008–2012," Energy, Elsevier, vol. 96(C), pages 8-22.
    8. Wanke, Peter & Barros, C.P., 2016. "Efficiency in Latin American airlines: A two-stage approach combining Virtual Frontier Dynamic DEA and Simplex Regression," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 54(C), pages 93-103.
    9. Mallikarjun, Sreekanth, 2015. "Efficiency of US airlines: A strategic operating model," Journal of Air Transport Management, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 46-56.
    10. Benita Maldonado, Francisco J. & Gaytán Alfaro, Edgar D. & Rodallegas Portillo, Mayra C., 2012. "Un estudio no paramétrico de eficiencia para la minería de Zacatecas, México || A Non-Parametric Approach to Efficiency for Mining in Zacatecas, Mexico," Revista de Métodos Cuantitativos para la Economía y la Empresa = Journal of Quantitative Methods for Economics and Business Administration, Universidad Pablo de Olavide, Department of Quantitative Methods for Economics and Business Administration, vol. 14(1), pages 54-75, December.
    11. repec:eee:transa:v:100:y:2017:i:c:p:121-134 is not listed on IDEAS
    12. Barros, Carlos P. & Liang, Qi Bin & Peypoch, Nicolas, 2013. "The technical efficiency of US Airlines," Transportation Research Part A: Policy and Practice, Elsevier, vol. 50(C), pages 139-148.
    13. Boon L Lee & Clevo Wilson & Carl A Pasurka, Jr, 2013. "The Good, the Bad and the Efficient: Productivity, efficiency and technical change in the Airline Industry, 2004:2008," School of Economics and Finance Discussion Papers and Working Papers Series 299, School of Economics and Finance, Queensland University of Technology.
    14. Barros, Carlos Pestana & Peypoch, Nicolas, 2009. "An evaluation of European airlines' operational performance," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 122(2), pages 525-533, December.
    15. Cui, Qiang & Wei, Yi-Ming & Li, Ye, 2016. "Exploring the impacts of the EU ETS emission limits on airline performance via the Dynamic Environmental DEA approach," Applied Energy, Elsevier, vol. 183(C), pages 984-994.
    16. repec:eee:eneeco:v:68:y:2017:i:c:p:89-108 is not listed on IDEAS
    17. Michaelides, Panayotis G. & Belegri-Roboli, Athena & Marinos, Theocharis, 2008. "Technical Efficiency in International Air Transport," MPRA Paper 74490, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    18. repec:eee:transa:v:101:y:2017:i:c:p:1-10 is not listed on IDEAS
    19. Tim Coelli & Sergio Perelman & Elliot Romano, 1999. "Accounting for Environmental Influences in Stochastic Frontier Models: With Application to International Airlines," Journal of Productivity Analysis, Springer, vol. 11(3), pages 251-273, June.
    20. Wanke, Peter & Pestana Barros, Carlos & Chen, Zhongfei, 2015. "An analysis of Asian airlines efficiency with two-stage TOPSIS and MCMC generalized linear mixed models," International Journal of Production Economics, Elsevier, vol. 169(C), pages 110-126.
    21. repec:eee:touman:v:33:y:2012:i:2:p:317-326 is not listed on IDEAS
    22. repec:eee:transa:v:106:y:2017:i:c:p:130-143 is not listed on IDEAS

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