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El precio de la «modernidad»: la evolución de la desigualdad en la propiedad de la tierra en la campaña de Buenos Aires, 1839-1914


  • Daniel Santilli

    (Universidad de Buenos Aires)


This article studies the impact on inequality of land ownership distribution of the laws implemented during liberalization. It is based on the study of fiscal and demographic sources from three jurisdictions in the province of Buenos Aires between 1839 and 1914, a period covering the shifts from the provincial expansion of cattle farming to the Argentinian agricultural and livestock export boom. The methodology used here consists of the application of the Gini coefficient for the entire period, and for partial periods, as well as certain alternative and less mainstream criteria for comparing inequality, such as demographic changes and variations in the ratio of ownership over total population. While demonstrating the increase in inequality, results show uneven outcomes in terms of the actual impact of the implementation of the legal norms.

Suggested Citation

  • Daniel Santilli, 2016. "El precio de la «modernidad»: la evolución de la desigualdad en la propiedad de la tierra en la campaña de Buenos Aires, 1839-1914," Historia Agraria. Revista de Agricultura e Historia Rural, Sociedad Española de Historia Agraria, issue 69, pages 73-103, august.
  • Handle: RePEc:seh:journl:y:2016:i:69:m:august:p:73-103

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Abad, Leticia Arroyo, 2013. "Persistent Inequality? Trade, Factor Endowments, and Inequality in Republican Latin America," The Journal of Economic History, Cambridge University Press, vol. 73(01), pages 38-78, March.
    2. Alonso, José Antonio, 2007. "Desigualdad, instituciones y progreso: un debate entre la historia y el presente," Revista CEPAL, Naciones Unidas Comisión Económica para América Latina y el Caribe (CEPAL), December.
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    More about this item


    Buenos Aires; Property laws; Inequality;

    JEL classification:

    • N36 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • N96 - Economic History - - Regional and Urban History - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • O54 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies - - - Latin America; Caribbean
    • R38 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - Government Policy


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