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Enerxía eólica e desenvolvemento local en Galicia: Os parques eólicos singulares municipais

Author

Listed:
  • Damián COPENA RODRIGUEZ
  • Xavier SIMON FERNANDEZ

Abstract

A enerxía eólica aparece sinalada na literatura como unha oportunidade para o desenvolvemento local. Nese senso, a propiedade local dos parques eólicos amósase como un dos impactos económicos máis destacados. No caso galego a normativa deseñada limitou a propiedade local das centrais eólicas aos municipios e a instalacións de pequena potencia desenvolvidas a partir de unha figura específica da normativa eólica autonómica: os parques eólicos singulares. Neste contexto, este artigo analiza para o caso galego, territorio onde a enerxía eólica ten alcanzado unha grande expansión nas últimas décadas, a propiedade local dos parques eólicos. Para poder realizar esta análise emprégase a información contida na Base de Información Socioeconómica da Enerxía Eólica en Galicia con dous obxectivos: estudar a normativa e o proceso de desenvolvemento dos parques eólicos de propiedade municipal e analizar os impactos económicos locais que se están derivando a partir desta figura eólica específica e o seu posible impacto no desenvolvemento local. In scientific literature wind energy is indicated as an opportunity for local development. In this scenario, local ownership of wind farms is one of the most important economic impacts of this energy source. In the Galician case, the designed regulation limited the local ownership of wind power stations to the municipalities and small power facilities developed from a specific figure of the autonomic wind power regulations: singular wind farms. In this context, this article analyses for the Galician case, territory where wind power has reached a great expansion in the last decades, the local property of the wind farms. In order to carry out this analysis, the information contained in the Socioeconomic Information Base of Wind Energy in Galicia is used with two objectives: to study the regulations and the process of development of the municipal wind farms and to analyse the local economic impacts that are being derived from this specific wind farm and its possible impact on local development.

Suggested Citation

  • Damián COPENA RODRIGUEZ & Xavier SIMON FERNANDEZ, 2018. "Enerxía eólica e desenvolvemento local en Galicia: Os parques eólicos singulares municipais," Revista Galega de Economía, University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business., vol. 27(1), pages 31-48.
  • Handle: RePEc:sdo:regaec:v:27:y:2018:i:1_3
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