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Pautas De Terciarización Del Sector Agrario Gallego: Una Aproximación Empírica


  • Xavier VENCE-DEZA


En este trabajo se analiza la importancia del proceso de terciarización del sector agrario gallego y sus características en relación al modelo agrario regional. Es un fenómeno que ha recibido escasa atención en la literatura y, sin embargo, es una realidad de una importancia creciente para comprender el desarrollo agrario y el desarrollo regional. La distribución de las actividades de servicios dentro del territorio regional y el contenido de esas actividades es muy relevante para frenar el abandono del espacio rural y garantizar la cohesión dentro del territorio. El estudio se basa en el análisis de los datos estadísticos disponibles. En concreto, la visión agregada la aportan los datos del Marco Input Output de Galicia y las Cuentas Económicas de la Agricultura. Mientras, los datos del Censo Agrario y la Encuesta de Estructura de las Explotaciones Agrarias permiten un análisis desde el punto de vista microeconómico. Se observa una creciente utilización de servicios por parte del sector agrario gallego al menos durante la década de 1990 y una ralentización en los años más recientes. El análisis del contenido de los servicios permite identificar una notable importancia de la externalización de actividades y funciones propias del proceso productivo agrario, así como el dinamismo de ciertos servicios intensivos en conocimiento, claves en ciertas actividades agrarias y en su proceso de innovación. In this paper the importance of the tertiarisation of the Galician agricultural sector and its main features in relation to the regional agricultural sector are analysed. It is a phenomenon that has received scarce attention in the literature, though it is a reality that deserves attention in order to favour the understanding of the agricultural and regional development. The distribution of service activities in the regional territory and the content of these activities are very relevant to hinder the abandonment of the rural space and to guarantee the internal cohesion of the territory. The study is based on the analysis of the available statistical data. In particular, the aggregated view comes from the Input-Output data and the Economic Accounts of Agriculture. A microanalysis of the phenomenon is carried out according to the Censo Agrario and the Encuesta de Estructura de las Explotaciones Agrarias. There is an increasing utilisation of services on behalf of the Galician agricultural sector along the 1990’s decade and a slowing down in more recent years. The analysis of the content of services allows to identify the importance of outsourcing of specific tasks and functions of the agricultural productive process, as well as the dynamism of certain knowledge-intensive business services, which are key for innovation processes in the agricultural sector.

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  • Ángeles PEREIRA-SÁNCHEZ & Xavier VENCE-DEZA, 2017. "Pautas De Terciarización Del Sector Agrario Gallego: Una Aproximación Empírica," Revista Galega de Economía, University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business., vol. 26(1), pages 17-30.
  • Handle: RePEc:sdo:regaec:v:26:y:2017:i:1_2

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