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A Compravenda De Terras Rústicas Nas Zonas De Especial Interese Agrario De Galicia: Os Trazos Dun Novo Mapa Sobre Un Vello Precepto

Author

Listed:
  • María José ENRÍQUEZ GARCÍA
  • Eduardo José CORBELLE RICO

Abstract

Os mercados son un instrumento clásico de distribución dos dereitos de propiedade. Non obstante, nas zonas de alta fragmentación da propiedade tamén se avalía a súa eficiencia como instrumento de reorganización parcelaria. En Galicia, esta diagnose non se abordou nas últimas tres décadas e persiste o precepto de baixa mobilidade. Este traballo debuxa o mapa de taxas de transferencia e prezos de compravenda a nivel concello e parroquia para as zonas declaradas pola Lei 7/2007 como zonas de especial interese agrario de Galicia no período 2008-2011. O precepto de baixa mobilidade matízase pola diversidade de valores territoriais e por unha marcada relación inversa entre a taxa de transferencia e o prezo. Se ben a mobilidade de terras é baixa cando se mide en termos de superficie, non é tal respecto do número de parcelas. En determinadas áreas, o mercado non só se articula entorno a superficies agrarias senón que tamén se mobiliza superficie sen uso agrario actual. O tamaño da parcela, a copropiedade e, especialmente o absentismo, son características do parcelario que condicionan o volume e prezo das transaccións. Por último, a diagnose espazo-temporal do mercado esixe considerar a compravenda en relación a outros mecanismos de mobilidade (arrendamento, parcería, cesións…). Land markets are a classic mechanism of property rights distribution. Nevertheless, their efficiency is also evaluated as a mechanism of parcel reorganization in regions with land fragmentation problems. Particularly, this diagnosis has not been done in Galicia and the prescript of low land mobility persists since the nineteens. This paper draws a map of land sale rates and prices at municipal and parish scale in areas which where declared by regional law as areas of special agricultural interest during the period 2008-2011. Low land mobility prescript is tempered by the territorial diversity of values ??and a strong inverse relationship between transfer rates and prices. In general, land sale rate is low when it is measured in terms of area, but this not happen when considering the number of plots. In certain areas, land market not only implies mobilizing agricultural land but also parcels without current agricultural use. The size of the plot, co-ownership and, especially, absentee regimes seem to be characteristics of properties that determine both volume and price of transactions. Finally, spatiotemporal diagnosis of land markets requires consider land sales in relation to other land mobility mecanism (lease, sharecropping, communal lands...).

Suggested Citation

  • María José ENRÍQUEZ GARCÍA & Eduardo José CORBELLE RICO, 2016. "A Compravenda De Terras Rústicas Nas Zonas De Especial Interese Agrario De Galicia: Os Trazos Dun Novo Mapa Sobre Un Vello Precepto," Revista Galega de Economía, University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business., vol. 25(1), pages 103-120.
  • Handle: RePEc:sdo:regaec:v:25:y:2016:i:1_8
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