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Los Foros En La Desamortización: Impacto En Las Regiones Españolas De Las Etapas De Mendizábal Y Madoz

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  • Xosé CORDERO TORRÓN
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    El foro fue la forma predominante de propiedad de la tierra en Galicia desde la Edad Media hasta las primeras décadas del siglo XX. En el foro hay una propiedad compartida, con derechos del receptor de las rentas y otros del pagador de la renta. Al no ser abolido en la reforma agraria liberal española hubo de plantearse en la desamortización su forma de venta, o bien facilitando su adquisición por los pagadores de las rentas, con lo que desaparecería esa propiedad compartida y se transformaría en una propiedad plena, o bien vendiéndolos en subasta pública al mayor postor, con lo que persistiría esta forma de propiedad.En la etapa desamortizadora de Mendizábal se optó por la venta en pública subasta, con la consiguiente persistencia del foro, que tan solo cambió de propietarios, pasando en su mayor parte a manos de la burguesía. Por el contrario, en la etapa desamortizadora de Madoz se facilitó la adquisición de las rentas forales por los campesinos (redención). La redención de las rentas forales en la desamortización de Madoz supuso el inicio del cambio del régimen de propiedad en Galicia con la transformación de los campesinos en propietarios plenos de sus tierras. The foro was the predominant form of land ownership in Galicia from the Middle Ages to the early twentieth century. The foro is a shared ownership, with rights of the recipient of the income and of the payer of income. The foro was not abolished in the Spanish liberal agrarian reform so during the disentailment the form of sale was called into question, whether easing their acquisition by the payer of rents, what would make this shared property disappear becoming a wholly owned one, or selling it in a public auction to the highest bidder, which would make this form of ownership remain.During the stage of Mendizabal disentailment the option of the public auction was chosen, due to this the foro remained as form of ownership with a change in the owners of the properties, mostly falling into bourgeoisie´s hands. On the contrary, during the stage of Madoz disentailment the acquisition of the leasehold rents by the peasants (redemption) was eased. The redemption of the leasehold rents during the disentailment of Madoz marked the beginning of the change of ownership in Galicia with the transformation of peasants into full owners of their land.

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    File URL: http://www.usc.es/econo/RGE/Vol25/rge2513.pdf
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    Article provided by University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business. in its journal Revista Galega de Economía.

    Volume (Year): 25 (2016)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 35-48

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    Handle: RePEc:sdo:regaec:v:25:y:2016:i:1_3
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    Web page: http://www.usc.es/econo/RGE/benvidag.htm

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