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Comportamiento Ante La Crisis De La Variable Empleo En El Sector Turístico: Análisis Comparativo Entre España Y Francia

Author

Listed:
  • Mercedes JIMÉNEZ GARCÍA
  • Antonio Rafael PEÑA SÁNCHEZ
  • José RUIZ CHICO

Abstract

Este trabajo se centra en analizar de qué forma ha afectado la crisis económica al empleo turístico en Francia y España, dos de las principales potencias turísticas, y si esta variable ha presentado un comportamiento similar tanto antes como durante la crisis. Los principales resultados muestran la mayor influencia en la generación de empleo turístico de las llegadas de turistas extranjeros en España, frente al nivel de riqueza, en el caso francés; la divergencia en el empleo turístico regional durante la crisis en España mientras que en Francia se ha continuado con la convergencia regional de años anteriores; y, finalmente, las variaciones en los componentes del crecimiento del empleo en las principales regiones turísticas, Cataluña e Île-de-France, durante la crisis. This paper focuses on analyzing how the economic crisis has affected the tourism employment in France and Spain, two of the main tourist powers, and if this variable has presented a similar behavior before and during the crisis. The main results show the greatest influence on the generation of tourism employment of foreign tourist arrivals in Spain, compared to the level of wealth, in the French case; divergence in regional tourism employment during the crisis in Spain and in France has continued regional convergence in past years; and finally, variations in the components of employment growth in major tourist regions, Catalonia and the Ile-de-France, during the crisis.

Suggested Citation

  • Mercedes JIMÉNEZ GARCÍA & Antonio Rafael PEÑA SÁNCHEZ & José RUIZ CHICO, 2015. "Comportamiento Ante La Crisis De La Variable Empleo En El Sector Turístico: Análisis Comparativo Entre España Y Francia," Revista Galega de Economía, University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business., vol. 24(2), pages 51-68.
  • Handle: RePEc:sdo:regaec:v:24:y:2015:i:2_5
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    Keywords

    turismo; empleo; convergencia; shift-share. tourism; employment; convergence.;

    JEL classification:

    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism
    • N34 - Economic History - - Labor and Consumers, Demography, Education, Health, Welfare, Income, Wealth, Religion, and Philanthropy - - - Europe: 1913-

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