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Estrategia económica y financiera de las empresas del sector de la construcción en España durante el periodo 2008-2012

Author

Listed:
  • Yolanda FERNÁNDEZ-VÁZQUEZ
  • Fernando CAMPA-PLANAS
  • M.V. SÁNCHEZ- REBULL

Abstract

La economía española ha sido históricamente dependiente del sector de la construcción. Antes de la crisis económica, el sector de la construcción presentaba una aportación al PIB del 13% en el 2006. El crecimiento de las empresas constructoras con menos de 20 trabajadores, que representaban el 97% del sector, fue del 140,13% en el periodo 1999-2009. A partir del 2009 se acusa un descenso de empresas hasta niveles de la década de los 90. Se analiza en este artículo la estrategia financiera y económica que han seguido las empresas constructoras que han superado el periodo 2008-2012. Se ha realizado un análisis cuantitativo del balance de situación y de la cuenta de resultados de 271 empresas constructoras. La muestra ha sido seleccionada de SABI (Sistema de Análisis de Balances Ibéricos) y se han incluido aquellas medianas y grandes empresas constructoras que han mantenido tanto su volumen de ingresos como el número de empleados contratados. Historically, the Spanish economy has been dependent on the construction sector. Before the economic crisis, the construction sector made a contribution of 13% to the GDP in 2006. During the 1999-2009 period, construction companies with less than 20 employees, which represented 97% of the industry, had a growth of 140.30%. From 2009 the number of companies decreased to levels similar to those in the 1990s. This paper analyzes the financial and economic strategy followed by construction companies which overcame the 2008-2012 period. A quantitative analysis was made of balance sheets and profit and loss accounts which belong to 271 construction companies. The samples have been selected from the Iberian Balance Sheets Analysis system (SABI). Big and medium-sized construction companies which have maintained their income volume and the number of hired employees were included.

Suggested Citation

  • Yolanda FERNÁNDEZ-VÁZQUEZ & Fernando CAMPA-PLANAS & M.V. SÁNCHEZ- REBULL, 2015. "Estrategia económica y financiera de las empresas del sector de la construcción en España durante el periodo 2008-2012," Revista Galega de Economía, University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business., vol. 24(2), pages 5-16.
  • Handle: RePEc:sdo:regaec:v:24:y:2015:i:2_1
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