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Modelos de formación de clusters industriales: revisión de las ideas que los sustentan

Listed author(s):
  • SERGIO BAO CRUZ
  • FERNANDO BLANCO SILVA
Registered author(s):

    Los clústers son concentraciones geográficas de compañías e instituciones de un determi-nado campo con relaciones económicas entre ellas. Representan una nueva forma de organización espacial que promueve la competencia y la cooperación y suponen una forma más dinámica de acer-carse al estudio del desarrollo económico que la tradicional visión por sectores. Diversos estudios pa-recen demostrar una mayor apuesta por la innovación en las empresas cuando estas se encuentran integradas en algún clúster, así como otras ventajas de pertenecer a estos. Este artículo realiza la re-visión teórica de las ideas que sustentan el concepto de clúster, donde consideramos importante la falta de concreción del concepto y la existencia de una amplia colección de definiciones, lo que supo-ne una cierta ambigüedad en el uso del término y que no siempre sea sencillo identificarlo y marcar unas fronteras nítidas que lo delimiten. Clusters are geographic concentrations of companies and institutions of a particular field which keep economic relationships between them. Clusters represent a new way of special organiza-tion that promote competence and cooperation as well as a more dynamic way of studying the eco-nomic development against a traditional vision of sectors. Diverse studies seem to demonstrate that companies tend to innovate more when they are integrated in a cluster, along with other advantages of being a part of them. This article intends to be a theoretical revision of the underlying ideas behind the cluster concept and its several definitions, as well as the difficulties we find in the identification of its boundaries.

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    File URL: http://www.usc.es/econo/RGE/Vol23/rge2329c.pdf
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    Article provided by University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business. in its journal Revista Galega de Economía.

    Volume (Year): 23 (2014)
    Issue (Month): 2 ()
    Pages: 179-198

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    Handle: RePEc:sdo:regaec:v:23:y:2014:i:2_9
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    Web page: http://www.usc.es/econo/RGE/benvidag.htm

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