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Modelos de formación de clusters industriales: revisión de las ideas que los sustentan




Los clústers son concentraciones geográficas de compañías e instituciones de un determi-nado campo con relaciones económicas entre ellas. Representan una nueva forma de organización espacial que promueve la competencia y la cooperación y suponen una forma más dinámica de acer-carse al estudio del desarrollo económico que la tradicional visión por sectores. Diversos estudios pa-recen demostrar una mayor apuesta por la innovación en las empresas cuando estas se encuentran integradas en algún clúster, así como otras ventajas de pertenecer a estos. Este artículo realiza la re-visión teórica de las ideas que sustentan el concepto de clúster, donde consideramos importante la falta de concreción del concepto y la existencia de una amplia colección de definiciones, lo que supo-ne una cierta ambigüedad en el uso del término y que no siempre sea sencillo identificarlo y marcar unas fronteras nítidas que lo delimiten. Clusters are geographic concentrations of companies and institutions of a particular field which keep economic relationships between them. Clusters represent a new way of special organiza-tion that promote competence and cooperation as well as a more dynamic way of studying the eco-nomic development against a traditional vision of sectors. Diverse studies seem to demonstrate that companies tend to innovate more when they are integrated in a cluster, along with other advantages of being a part of them. This article intends to be a theoretical revision of the underlying ideas behind the cluster concept and its several definitions, as well as the difficulties we find in the identification of its boundaries.

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  • Sergio Bao Cruz & Fernando Blanco Silva, 2014. "Modelos de formación de clusters industriales: revisión de las ideas que los sustentan," Revista Galega de Economía, University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business., vol. 23(2), pages 179-198.
  • Handle: RePEc:sdo:regaec:v:23:y:2014:i:2_9

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