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El Sistema Publico De Pensiones

Author

Listed:
  • JAIME LOPEZ GOLPE
  • ADELA REIG BOTELLA

Abstract

Este trabajo trata sobre el sistema público de pensiones en España y Galicia. Desde el acuerdo del año 1995 sobre los problemas estructurales de la Seguridad Social, se firmaron cuatro acuerdos más sobre pensiones en los años 1996, 2001, 2006 y 2011. La separación de fuentes de financiación junto con el fondo de reserva hacen que el sistema venga manteniendo superávits. El acuerdo del año 2011 generó una amplia expectación por su significado material y sus repercusiones políticas, con independencia del análisis de su contenido. España está a 2,5 puntos del PIB en gasto de pensiones de la media europea. Por lo que respecta a las pensiones en Galicia, en el año 2010 el índice de dependencia del sistema público de pensiones fue del 25,8%, frente al 18,2% de la media del Estado, un diferencial de más de siete puntos. El diferencial negativo de la pensión en Galicia es progresivamente creciente: en el año 1990 la pensión media gallega representaba el 87% de la española, en el año 2010 ya solo equivale al 84%. El sistema contributivo es deficitario en Galicia: los ingresos por cuotas no cubren los pagos de las pensiones; en el año 2009, la relación entre recaudación y pagos tuvo un saldo negativo de 1.669 millones de euros. This work is about the public pension system in Spain and in Galicia. Since the 1995 agreement on the structural problems of Social Security, four more agreements were signed (1996, 2001, 2006 and 2011). The separation of the sources of funding together with the reserve fund have lead to a maintenance of the system´s surpluses. The agreement of 2011 generated a broad expectation because of its material meaning and its political implications regardless of its content. Spain´s GDP is 2,5 points below the Euro-pean average pensions spending. Concerning the pensions in Galicia, the rate of dependence on the public pension system in 2010 was of 25,8% compared to the 18,2% average of the State, which makes a differential of more than seven points. The negative differential pension in Galicia is progressively increasing, in 1990 the average Galician pension represented the 87% of the Spanish one, as in 2010 is only equivalent to the 84% of the latter. The contributory system is deficient in Galicia: the income from fees does not cover the payments of pensions, in 2009 the ratio had a negative balance of collection payments of 1.669 million of euros.

Suggested Citation

  • Jaime Lopez Golpe & Adela Reig Botella, 2014. "El Sistema Publico De Pensiones," Revista Galega de Economía, University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business., vol. 23(1), pages 115-136.
  • Handle: RePEc:sdo:regaec:v:23:y:2014:i:1_6
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