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Urbanizacion, Forestacion Y Abandono.Cambios Recientes En El Paisaje De Galicia, 1985-2005

Author

Listed:
  • EDUARDO CORBELLE RICO
  • RAFAEL CRECENTE MASEDA

Abstract

En este trabajo se analizan los grandes cambios del paisaje que tuvieron lugar en Galicia en las dos décadas posteriores a la entrada de España en la Comunidad Económica Europea, empleando mapas de usos de la tierra de los años 1985 y 2005. Los resultados indican que durante este tiempo aumentaron la superficie urbanizada y la de arbolado y disminuyó la ocupada por la agricultura y la ganadería, a la vez que grandes áreas del territorio quedaron abandonadas. La comparación con datos de la capacidad productiva del suelo revela que la urbanización y el mantenimiento del uso agrícola o ganadero tuvieron lugar principalmente en las tierras de mayor calidad productiva, mientras que la forestación se concentró en tierras de calidad intermedia y el abandono afectó a las de peores características. Un análisis de conglomerados a escala parroquial permitió localizar las grandes áreas del territorio donde los cambios fueron de distinta naturaleza, y conocer cómo estas áreas están fuertemente relacionadas con la altitud. This paper focus on the changes in the landscape that took place in Galicia in the two decades that followed the access of Spain to the European Economic Community, using land use maps from 1985 and 2005. Results show that urban and forest areas increased during this period, while total area dedicated to agriculture and animal husbandry decreased and large portions of the whole territory were simply abandoned. The comparison with land capability maps revealed that urbanization and conservation of agricultural use mainly took place in the best soils, while afforestation was concentrated on intermediate soils, and abandonment was closely linked to the worst quality soils. A cluster analysis at parish scale allowed to identify different parts of the territory where different changes were dominant, and showed how these are largely correlated with altitude.

Suggested Citation

  • Eduardo Corbelle Rico & Rafael Crecente Maseda, 2014. "Urbanizacion, Forestacion Y Abandono.Cambios Recientes En El Paisaje De Galicia, 1985-2005," Revista Galega de Economía, University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business., vol. 23(1), pages 35-52.
  • Handle: RePEc:sdo:regaec:v:23:y:2014:i:1_2
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