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Aplicacion Del Analisis De Correspondencias Sobre Los Datos De Generacion De Empleo En El Sistema Electrico De España

Listed author(s):
  • ROSA MARIA REGUEIRO FERREIRA
  • MARIA DEL CARMEN SANCHEZ SELLERO
Registered author(s):

    En las últimas décadas, España ha presentado cambios en la estructura de producción eléctrica, en parte justificados por la fuerte presencia de las energías renovables, fundamentalmente de la eólica. Tanto desde la Unión Europea como a nivel estatal y autonómico, se utilizó la generación de empleo como uno de los puntos fuertes del desarrollo del sector eléctrico, a pesar de que el sistema energético es intensivo en capital pero no en empleo, y al no existir estadísticas oficiales que recojan pormenorizadamente la dimensión del empleo creado. Analizaremos el empleo en el sector eléctrico en España a partir de la Encuesta de la Energía Eléctrica. Tras comprobar mediante contrastes chi-cuadrado que tanto las variables “autonomías” y “distribución del personal” ocupado como “autonomías” y “sexo” del personal ocupado no son variables independientes, estudiamos mediante sendos análisis de correspondencias las similitudes entre las distintas categorías de las variables implicadas, señalando que Madrid aporta casi el 50% del total de la inercia en el análisis entre autonomías y distribución de personal (correspondencias 1). Como resultado de ambos análisis de correspondencias, en el plano factorial (año 2009) se representa la Comunidad andaluza, que se asocia al género femenino, mientras que Madrid se asocia al personal técnico. In recent decades, Spain has experienced changes in the structure of electricity production, partly justified by the strong presence of renewable energy, mainly wind power. Both from the European Union as a state and regional level, was used to generate employment as one of the strengths of the development of the electricity sector, even though the energy system is capital intensive but not employment, and no statistics exist detail officers to collect the employment dimension created. Analyze employment in the electricity sector in Spain, and by derivation, wind activity, from the Electric Power Survey. After checking through chi-square contrasts both variables "autonomy" and "distribution staff" busy "autonomy" and "sex" employed persons are not independent variables, two separate study by correspondence analysis of the similarities between the different categories of the variables involved; Madrid contributes almost 50% of total inertia in the analysis between autonomy and distribution of personnel (correlation 1). As a result of both correspondence analysis, factor in the plane (2009) depicted the Andalusian region that is associated with female gender while Madrid is associated with technical staff.

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    File URL: http://www.usc.es/econo/RGE/Vol23/rge23111c.pdf
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    Article provided by University of Santiago de Compostela. Faculty of Economics and Business. in its journal Revista Galega de Economía.

    Volume (Year): 23 (2014)
    Issue (Month): 1 ()
    Pages: 227-244

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    Handle: RePEc:sdo:regaec:v:23:y:2014:i:1_11
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    Web page: http://www.usc.es/econo/RGE/benvidag.htm

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