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Социальные Сети Студентов: Факторы Формирования И Влияние На Учёбу

Креховец Екатерина Владимировна - аспирант, старший преподаватель факультета экономики НИУ ВШЭ (НижнийНовгород). E-mail: ekrekhovets@hse.ruПольдин Олег Викторович - кандидат физико-математических наук,научный сотрудник Международной научно-учебной лаборатории институционального анализа экономических реформ НИУ ВШЭ. E-mail: opoldin@hse.ru Статья представляет собой введение в проблематику эмпирического анализа социальных сетей студентов высших учебных заведений: в ней приводятся основные определения и рассматриваются ключевые статистические характеристики сетей. Описаны два подхода к моделированию социальных сетей. Модели, в которых сеть рассматривается как многомерная зависимая переменная (экспоненциальные модели случайных графов, стохастические актор-ориентированные модели и др.), объясняют характер связи свойствами агентов и сетевыми статистиками. Модели, в которых сети являются независимыми переменными (например, пространственные регрессионные модели), объясняют результаты деятельности акторов на основании свойств сети, результатов действий и характеристик других акторов. Представлен обзор эмпирических исследований социальных сетей студентов вузов, посвященных закономерностям их формирования и их влиянию на успеваемость и поведение учащихся.

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Article provided by НИУ ВШЭ in its journal Вопросы образования.

Volume (Year): (2013)
Issue (Month): 4 ()
Pages: 127-144

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Handle: RePEc:scn:voprob:2013:i:4:p:127-144
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  1. David Marmaros & Bruce Sacerdote, 2006. "How Do Friendships Form?," The Quarterly Journal of Economics, MIT Press, vol. 121(1), pages 79-119, 02.
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  9. Mayer, Adalbert & Puller, Steven L., 2008. "The old boy (and girl) network: Social network formation on university campuses," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 92(1-2), pages 329-347, February.
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