IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Социальные императивы экономического развития // Social Imperatives of Economic Development


  • A. Tkachenko A.

    (Institute for Research of International Economic Relations)

  • А. Ткаченко А.

    (Институт исследований международных экономических отношений)


The paper analyzes social imperatives in Russian society in the 2010s in the context of the ongoing reforms and tasks arising from the presidential decrees of 2012 and 2018. The subject of research is the social and economic implications of the population aging and their impact on the state macroeconomic policy. The purpose of research was to identify the real problems of demographic aging and differences in approaches to their solution in developed countries and in Russia. The paper also analyzes the experience of the retirement-age increase in the OECD countries and substantiates the conclusion about its fundamental difference from the Russian reform of 2018 characterized by the socially dangerous transition speed. It is concluded that the economic activity of elderly people in the Russian economy is increasing and has an impact on its future even without raising the retirement age; the real demographic burden of the elderly is revealed which in Russia is much lower at present and in the long term, therefore, there can be no arguments in favor of the reforms carried out. The niche of social transformations related to the growing share of the «NEET» generation unused in the state policy is demonstrated. В статье анализируются социальные императивы в российском обществе в 2010-е гг. в связи с проводимыми реформами и задачами, вытекающими из президентских указов 2012 и 2018 гг. Предмет исследования — социальные и экономические последствия старения населения и их влияние на макроэкономическую политику государства. Цель работы состоит в выявлении реальных проблем демографического старения и отличий в подходах к их решению в развитых странах и России. В статье проанализирован опыт повышения пенсионного возраста в странах ОЭСР и обоснованы выводы о его принципиальных отличиях от российской реформы 2018 г., которой свойственна социально опасная скорость перехода. Сделан вывод о растущей экономической активности лиц пожилого возраста в российской экономике, влияющей на ее будущее без увеличения возраста выхода на пенсию; выявлена реальная демографическая ситуация, которая не может быть аргументом в пользу проводимых реформ. Показана не использованная в государственной политике ниша социальных преобразований, связанная с растущей долей поколения «Ни-Ни».

Suggested Citation

  • A. Tkachenko A. & А. Ткаченко А., 2018. "Социальные императивы экономического развития // Social Imperatives of Economic Development," Экономика. Налоги. Право // Economics, taxes & law, ФГОБУ "Финансовый университет при Правительстве Российской Федерации" // Financial University under The Government of Russian Federation, vol. 11(4), pages 6-22.
  • Handle: RePEc:scn:econom:y:2018:i:4:p:6-22

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:scn:econom:y:2018:i:4:p:6-22. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: . General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no bibliographic references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: Алексей Скалабан (email available below). General contact details of provider: .

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.