Valuation With Or Without Personal Income Taxes?
This paper reviews different schools of thought on the question of if and how personal taxes should be incorporated into the valuation of companies or projects. The paper shows under which conditions the risk-neutral valuation approach yields the same result as the Tax-CAPM. Special cases are analyzed that imply irrelevance of personal taxes. In addition, empirical questions are addressed, such as how to determine the expected market rate of return after personal taxes. For this purpose current market prices are used in combination with cash-flow forecasts of financial analysts. Finally, a view is presented on the precision required to estimate the personal tax rate. If both the investment opportunity and its alternative are similarly tax affected, then relative values should not change too much as a function of the tax rate. However, common sensitivity analyses indicate the opposite.
Volume (Year): 56 (2004)
Issue (Month): 1 (January)
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