IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Drought Risk in Cambodia: Assessing Costs and a Potential Solution


  • Nyda Chhinh

    () (Flinders University)

  • Hoeurn Cheb

    () (Royal University of Phnom Penh, Cambodia)

  • Naret Heng

    () (Royal University of Phnom Penh, Cambodia)


The two major natural hazards that threaten Cambodia are flood and drought. Millions of people have been affected by these natural disasters which have put to waste millions of hectares of paddy rice lands on which depend the lifeblood of the rural economy as well as that of the whole country. Given the dire consequences posed by drought to the Cambodian economy, and in light of its short- and long-term development plans aimed at poverty reduction, the government has affirmed its priority for agricultural development. Targeting the most vulnerable areas, this study aims to estimate the costs of drought in two communes in the rural Kampong Speu province, and to assess the costs and benefits of rehabilitating an unused water reservoir. The costs of drought are estimated at the household level. Household questionnaires were used to collect data from households from two rice ecosystems (totally rainfed and supplementary-irrigated) in the Kampong Speu. The study finds that the expected loss from drought for farmers in rainfed areas is USD 51.47 per hectare while that for farmers in supplementary-irrigated areas is USD 23.01 per hectare. Looking at the prospects for rehabilitating a totally damaged reservoir, the study reports that at a 6 percent discount rate, the repair efforts will yield a net present value of around USD 914,834.94 and the benefit-cost ratio is 2.18. The rehabilitated reservoir is seen to serve two significant roles, namely: (1) to stabilize and increase rice production since drought susceptibility among farmers is reduced and food security is ensured and (2) to encourage agricultural diversification.

Suggested Citation

  • Nyda Chhinh & Hoeurn Cheb & Naret Heng, 2014. "Drought Risk in Cambodia: Assessing Costs and a Potential Solution," Asian Journal of Agriculture and Development, Southeast Asian Regional Center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture (SEARCA), vol. 11(2), pages 1-16, December.
  • Handle: RePEc:sag:seajad:v:11:y:2014:i:2:p:1-16

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    Drought; Agriculture; Adaptation; Cambodia; Kampong Speu; drought; agriculture; adaptation;

    JEL classification:

    • Q51 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Valuation of Environmental Effects
    • Q54 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics - - - Climate; Natural Disasters and their Management; Global Warming


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:sag:seajad:v:11:y:2014:i:2:p:1-16. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Mariliza V. Ticsay). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.