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Socio-psychological implications for an occupying society: The case of Israel


  • Eran Halperin

    () (Lauder School of Government, IDC Herzliya, Israel)

  • Daniel Bar-Tal

    (School of Education, Tel-Aviv University)

  • Keren Sharvit

    (Department of Psychology, University of Maryland)

  • Nimrod Rosler

    (The Swiss Centre for Conflict Research Management and Resolution, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem)

  • Amiram Raviv

    (Department of Psychology, Tel-Aviv University)


Although prolonged occupation of a nation is no longer a common phenomenon, where it does exist, it bears harsh implications for all parties involved. This article examines the socio-psychological implications of occupation on the occupying society, using the case of the Israeli occupation of the Palestinian territories of the West Bank and Gaza Strip since 1967 as an example. The article first delineates the concept of occupation from a socio-psychological perspective, which supplements the legal-formal aspect. The authors then propose a conceptual framework that analyzes the psychology of the occupying society. Within this framework, they describe the psychological challenges that the occupation may pose to the members of the occupying society. Next, they introduce psychological mechanisms that members of an occupying society may use in order to avoid facing these challenges. Finally, they offer a number of ideas regarding the relationship between these mechanisms and the process of ending the occupation.

Suggested Citation

  • Eran Halperin & Daniel Bar-Tal & Keren Sharvit & Nimrod Rosler & Amiram Raviv, 2010. "Socio-psychological implications for an occupying society: The case of Israel," Journal of Peace Research, Peace Research Institute Oslo, vol. 47(1), pages 59-70, January.
  • Handle: RePEc:sae:joupea:v:47:y:2010:i:1:p:59-70

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