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Prezent si viitor in sectorul cercetare – dezvoltare. Evolutii si previziuni 2010 – 2020 în UE

Listed author(s):
  • Aurel Gabriel SIMIONESCU

    (Universitatea “Constantin Brâncoveanu” Pitesti)

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    Developing an economy based on growth and innovation is one of the basic principles of the 2020 strategy. The aim of this article is to analyze actual European situation in the research, development and innovation sector and to present the European targets that intend to achieve every EU country until 2020. Europe 2020 parameters that it established as a priority, is to increase funding for research - development of EU from 2% GDP today to 3% in 2020, while România intends to reach from 0,5 to 2% remaining below the EU average. An important parameter in this analysis is the higher education sector and the percentage of highly educated people in total population. In 2010 the EU average of population between 25-64 years with higher education was 25.9%. When referring to the age category 30-34 years we will see that percent of people with higher education in the year 2010 is 33.6% and until 2020 the European average would have to grow to 40%. Analyzing România we see that we ranked last in terms of EU top percentage of the population aged between 30 and 34 years with higher education, only 18.1%o and for 2020 we proposed that this percentage to be of 26.7%. General assessment is that Europe can become competitive on a very active market by supporting research - development, through innovative and creative approach, with a high level of labor employment in activities that require a higher professional training, and this requires sustained investment in this area which in turn generates flirther sustainable development in all areas of social and economic activity.

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    Article provided by Romanian Statistical Review in its journal Romanian Statistical Review Supplement.

    Volume (Year): 60 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 3 (September)
    Pages: 232-239

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    Handle: RePEc:rsr:supplm:v:60:y:2012:i:3:p:232-239
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