IDEAS home Printed from
MyIDEAS: Log in (now much improved!) to save this article

Indian experience of sustainable and inclusive economic growth – an evaluation of Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Scheme

Listed author(s):
  • D.S.Bhupal


    (Agro-Economic Research Centre, University of Delhi, Delhi–1100 07, India)

Registered author(s):

    In India the rural population increased from 299 million in 1951 to 833 million in 2011, cultivators and agricultural workers from 97 million to 263 million, whereas the share of agriculture in GDP decreased from 60-70% in 1950s, to 19% in 2004-05 and less than 14% in 2011-12. The average size of land holdings has decreased to 1.2 hectares. The 67% holdings are below 0.4 hectare and 84% are below 2 hectares. There is underemployment of work force. This unorganized section of society is the most vulnerable. To uplift them various schemes were started. The amount spent on which has increased from 10.46 per cent in 2003-04 to 19.46 per cent in 2009-10. But the outcome of these programmes has not been very encouraging. To address rural unemployment the Mahatma Gandhi National Rural Employment Guarantee Act guarantees 100 days of wage employment in a year to adult members of a rural household on demand. Either work has to be provided within 15 days or an unemployment allowance if work is not provided for any reason. Based upon the data collected from 5 districts of Haryana and secondary data downloaded from the website, this paper examines as to how far the scheme has been able to address the issue of unemployment of different sections. What impact it has made on the general wage rate? How far the food security has been improved? Most importantly, whether the assets created with the work done are viable and sustainable? The findings suggest that food security has improved, different sections are engaged gainfully and the assets are useful. But many more things need to be done.

    If you experience problems downloading a file, check if you have the proper application to view it first. In case of further problems read the IDEAS help page. Note that these files are not on the IDEAS site. Please be patient as the files may be large.

    File URL:
    Download Restriction: no

    Article provided by Pro Global Science Association in its journal Published in Review of Applied Socio-Economic Research.

    Volume (Year): 3 (2012)
    Issue (Month): 1 (July)
    Pages: 22-34

    in new window

    Handle: RePEc:rse:wpaper:v:3:y:2012:i:1:p:22-34
    Contact details of provider: Postal:
    Bucharest, 6th district, 47 Fabricii Street, Quadra Place, bl.J, fl.1, ap.12

    Web page:

    More information through EDIRC

    No references listed on IDEAS
    You can help add them by filling out this form.

    This item is not listed on Wikipedia, on a reading list or among the top items on IDEAS.

    When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:rse:wpaper:v:3:y:2012:i:1:p:22-34. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Manuela Epure)

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    If references are entirely missing, you can add them using this form.

    If the full references list an item that is present in RePEc, but the system did not link to it, you can help with this form.

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    This information is provided to you by IDEAS at the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis using RePEc data.