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The Role Of Urban Parks And Socio-Economic Development: Case Study Of Kisumu Kenya


  • Rose Susan RABARE

    () (Maseno University, P.O. Box 333, Maseno – 45105, Kenya)

  • Roselyne OKECH

    () (Memorial University Of Newfoundland, Sir Wilfred Grenfell College, 10 University Drive, Corner Brook, NL, A2H 6P9, Canada)

  • George Mark ONYANGO

    () (Maseno University, P.O. Box 333, Maseno – 45105, Kenya)


Urban parks are now viewed as an important part of the broader structure of urban and neighborhood development rather than just recreation and leisure facilities. While most of the world has recognized the multifunctional use of urban parks for development; the parks in Kenya and Kisumu Township in particular are suffering from lack of attention, poor maintenance, lack of development and underutilization. Also evident in most parks of Kisumu Township is lack of activities and basic utilities like public toilets, litterbins, benches and notice boards. The stakeholders of Kisumu Town do not seem to realize that parks can contribute to enormous social, cultural and economic development of the poverty stricken region. The aim of the study was to assess the utilization, investigate the benefits and analyze the factors influencing use of urban parks in Kisumu. Descriptive, cross-section research design was used where multistage cluster sampling technique was applied in sampling households and park users within seven wards of Kisumu Township and seven urban parks respectively. The study indicates that the poor maintenance and lack of adequate facilities had hindered optimal social, economical, environmental and educational benefits of the parks.

Suggested Citation

  • Rose Susan RABARE & Roselyne OKECH & George Mark ONYANGO, 2009. "The Role Of Urban Parks And Socio-Economic Development: Case Study Of Kisumu Kenya," Theoretical and Empirical Researches in Urban Management, Research Centre in Public Administration and Public Services, Bucharest, Romania, vol. 4(3(12)), pages 22-36, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:rom:terumm:v:4:y:2009:i:12:p:22-36

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    References listed on IDEAS

    1. Joseph Gyourko & Albert Saiz, 2003. "Urban decline and housing reinvestment: the role of construction costs and the supply side," Working Papers 03-9, Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia.
    2. Barry P. Bosworth & Ralph C. Bryant & Gary Burtless, 2004. "The Impact of Aging on Financial Markets and the Economy: A Survey," Working Papers, Center for Retirement Research at Boston College 2004-23, Center for Retirement Research.
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    More about this item


    urban parks; urban development; cross-section research;

    JEL classification:

    • O20 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Development Planning and Policy - - - General
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • L83 - Industrial Organization - - Industry Studies: Services - - - Sports; Gambling; Restaurants; Recreation; Tourism
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes


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