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External Competitiveness of the Romanian Regions and Counties


  • Ckilian, Nona Mihaela

    (Romanian Academy, National Institute of Economic Forecasting)


The paper approaches some of the issues regarding the external competitiveness of the Romania regions and counties, by the means of the competitive advantage concept and by providing answers to the questions: (i) Which are the regions and counties that contributemost to the countriy's exports? (ii), Which are the economic sectors/groups of products in which these regions/counties are (eventually) specialized? and (iii) Which are the comprtitive advantages of those regions/counties (if they exist)? The results point out to a significant presence of the analized regions and counties in three groups of manufacturing industries: low skilled, labor-intensive; natural resource-intensive and medium-to-high skilled, more sophisticated ones, and aldo to increased export concentration/specialization in/of certain regions and counties.

Suggested Citation

  • Ckilian, Nona Mihaela, 2009. "External Competitiveness of the Romanian Regions and Counties," Journal for Economic Forecasting, Institute for Economic Forecasting, vol. 6(3), pages 153-166, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:rjr:romjef:v:6:y:2009:i:3:p:153-166

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    regional competitiveness; comparative advantage; export specialization; territorial imbalances;

    JEL classification:

    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)


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