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A General Model of R&D Competition and Policy

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  • Avinash Dixit

Abstract

This article constructs a model of R&D with heterogeneous firms. Each firm's probability of success is a function of its sunk and recurrent R&D expenditures. The social gains from an innovation are not fully captured by the successful firm. The comparison of the social optimum and the market equilibrium involves balancing spillover and crowding effects. Pigovian corrective policies, as well as strategic policies for a subset of colluding firms, are discussed.

Suggested Citation

  • Avinash Dixit, 1988. "A General Model of R&D Competition and Policy," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 19(3), pages 317-326, Autumn.
  • Handle: RePEc:rje:randje:v:19:y:1988:i:autumn:p:317-326
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Helen Weeds, 2002. "Strategic Delay in a Real Options Model of R&D Competition," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 69(3), pages 729-747.
    2. Paul O'Sullivan, 2014. "DEMAND UNCERTAINTY, R&D LEADERSHIP AND RESEARCH JOINT VENTUREs," Economics, Finance and Accounting Department Working Paper Series n252-14.pdf, Department of Economics, Finance and Accounting, National University of Ireland - Maynooth.
    3. Carlos Daniel Santos, 2009. "Recovering the Sunk Costs of R&D: the Moulds Industry Case," CEP Discussion Papers dp0958, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    4. Ohyama, Atsuyuki & Tsujimura, Motoh, 2008. "Induced effects and technological innovation with strategic environmental policy," European Journal of Operational Research, Elsevier, vol. 190(3), pages 834-854, November.
    5. Isabelle Brocas, 2003. "Les enjeux de la réglementation de la recherche et développement," Revue d'économie politique, Dalloz, vol. 113(1), pages 125-148.
    6. Paul O'Sullivan, 2013. "Research Joint Ventures: A Barrier To Entry?," Economics, Finance and Accounting Department Working Paper Series n246-13.pdf, Department of Economics, Finance and Accounting, National University of Ireland - Maynooth.
    7. Sergio H. Lence & Dermot J. Hayes, 2008. "Welfare Impacts of Cross-Country Spillovers in Agricultural Research," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 90(1), pages 197-215.
    8. Paul O'Sullivan, 2014. "R&D Leadership And Research Joint Ventures," Economics, Finance and Accounting Department Working Paper Series n251-14.pdf, Department of Economics, Finance and Accounting, National University of Ireland - Maynooth.
    9. Weeds, H., 1999. "'Reverse Hysteresis': R&D Investment with Stochastic Innovation," The Warwick Economics Research Paper Series (TWERPS) 578, University of Warwick, Department of Economics.
    10. Changying Li & Jianhu Zhang, 2013. "Dynamic Games of R&D Competition in a Differentiated Duopoly," Journal of Institutional and Theoretical Economics (JITE), Mohr Siebeck, Tübingen, vol. 169(4), pages 660-679, December.
    11. Czarnitzki, Dirk & Kraft, Kornelius, 2004. "An empirical test of the asymmetric models on innovative activity: who invests more into R&D, the incumbent or the challenger?," Journal of Economic Behavior & Organization, Elsevier, vol. 54(2), pages 153-173, June.
    12. Nathaniel Wilcox, 2004. "Believing in Economic Theory: Sex, Lies, Evidence, Trust and Ideology," Working Papers 2004-06 Classification-, Department of Economics, University of Houston.
    13. de Laat, Eric A. A., 1997. "Patents or prizes: Monopolistic R&D and asymmetric information," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 15(3), pages 369-390, May.
    14. Paul O'Sullivan, 2013. "Less Is More? Research Joint Ventures And Entry Deterrence," Economics, Finance and Accounting Department Working Paper Series n245-13.pdf, Department of Economics, Finance and Accounting, National University of Ireland - Maynooth.

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