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Some Determinants of Allowed Rates of Return on Equity to Electric Utilities


  • Robert L. Hagerman
  • Brian T. Ratchford


Using a variance components model, this paper examines the economic and political variables that may affect the rate of return on equity allowed electric utilities. The evidence indicates that both the risk and the size of the firm are positively related to the allowed return on equity. The use of book value in determining the rate base and the term of commissioners were also positively related to the allowed return. The compensation of the commissioners and whether they were elected or appointed were not related to the allowed return.

Suggested Citation

  • Robert L. Hagerman & Brian T. Ratchford, 1978. "Some Determinants of Allowed Rates of Return on Equity to Electric Utilities," Bell Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 9(1), pages 46-55, Spring.
  • Handle: RePEc:rje:bellje:v:9:y:1978:i:spring:p:46-55

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    Cited by:

    1. Shiyou Li & Emeka Nwaeze & Jennifer Yin, 2016. "Earnings management in the electric utility industry: profit incentives," Review of Quantitative Finance and Accounting, Springer, vol. 46(3), pages 633-660, April.
    2. Parinandi, Srinivas & Hitt, Matthew P., 2018. "How Politics Influences the Energy Pricing Decisions of Elected Public Utilities Commissioners," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 118(C), pages 77-87.
    3. Adam Fremeth & Guy Holburn & Pablo Spiller, 2014. "The impact of consumer advocates on regulatory policy in the electric utility sector," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 161(1), pages 157-181, October.
    4. Catherine Hausman, 2019. "Shock Value: Bill Smoothing and Energy Price Pass‐Through," Journal of Industrial Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 67(2), pages 242-278, June.
    5. Paul L. Joskow & Nancy L. Rose & Catherine Wolfram, 1996. "Political Constraints on Executive Compensation: Evidence from the Electric Utility Industry," RAND Journal of Economics, The RAND Corporation, vol. 27(1), pages 165-182, Spring.
    6. Palmer, Karen & Ando, Amy, 1998. "Getting on the Map: The Political Economy of State-Level Electricity Restructuring," Discussion Papers dp-98-19-rev, Resources For the Future.
    7. Emeka T. Nwaeze, 1998. "Public Utility Regulation in the US and Asymmetric Return Responses to Positive and Negative Abnormal Earnings," Multinational Finance Journal, Multinational Finance Journal, vol. 2(4), pages 269-293, December.
    8. Emeka T. Nwaeze, 2000. "Positive and Negative Earnings Surprises, Regulatory Climate, and Stock Returns," Contemporary Accounting Research, John Wiley & Sons, vol. 17(1), pages 107-134, March.
    9. David P. Baron & Raymond R. De Bondt, 1980. "Factor Price Changes," Discussion Papers 417, Northwestern University, Center for Mathematical Studies in Economics and Management Science.
    10. Daniel Anarfi & Kofi Ampadu Boateng & Kwabena Adu-Ababio, 2016. "Determinants of Return on Equity for a Sustainable Growth of the Manufacturing Industry in the Czech Republic," European Journal of Business Science and Technology, Mendel University in Brno, Faculty of Business and Economics, vol. 2(1), pages 43-52, November.
    11. Chakravorty, Shourjo, 2020. "The association between a regulated utility's allowed revenue increase and future operating cost: Some evidence from Florida," Utilities Policy, Elsevier, vol. 64(C).
    12. Rode, David C. & Fischbeck, Paul S., 2019. "Regulated equity returns: A puzzle," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 133(C).
    13. Carlo Cambini & Sara De Masi & Laura Rondi, 2013. "Incentive Compensation and Incentive Regulation: Empirical Evidence," IEFE Working Papers 58, IEFE, Center for Research on Energy and Environmental Economics and Policy, Universita' Bocconi, Milano, Italy.
    14. Heather E. Campbell, 1996. "The politics of requesting: Strategic behavior and public utility regulation," Journal of Policy Analysis and Management, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 15(3), pages 395-423.
    15. Walter Primeaux & Patrick Mann, 1985. "Voter power and electricity prices," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 47(3), pages 519-525, January.
    16. William Boyes & John McDowell, 1989. "The selection of public utility commissioners: A re-examination of the importance of institutional setting," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 61(1), pages 1-13, April.
    17. Majumdar, Sumit K., 2016. "Debt and communications technology diffusion: Retrospective evidence," Research Policy, Elsevier, vol. 45(2), pages 458-474.

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