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The Impact of Information and Communication Technology Development Index (IDI) on Corruption in Middle-Income Countries

Author

Listed:
  • Mehregan , Nader

    () (Professor of Economics, Bu-Ali Sina University)

  • Sahabi , Bahram

    () (Assistant Professor of Economics, Tarbiat Modares University)

  • Mohammadamini, Maryam

    () (M.A. in Economics, Tarbiat Modares University)

Abstract

Corruption is one of the major obstacles to growth and economic development and countries try to control it. In this regard, one way to control it can be the use of information and communications technology capabilities in informatics, creating awareness, electronization of operational processes, transparency, etc. Based on this, the present study has examined the impact of ICT on reducing administrative corruption. The results obtained from 77 countries with an average income using panel data regression and generalized least squares methods have shown that by increasing the ICT development index (IDI) and its two components (access and use), corruption reduces. However, IDI skill component has a negative effect on the level of corruption in the sample. In addition, the results show a reduction in corruption with increasing per capita income and democracy.

Suggested Citation

  • Mehregan , Nader & Sahabi , Bahram & Mohammadamini, Maryam, 2015. "The Impact of Information and Communication Technology Development Index (IDI) on Corruption in Middle-Income Countries," Quarterly Journal of Applied Theories of Economics, Faculty of Economics, Management and Business, University of Tabriz, vol. 2(2), pages 43-60, September.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:qjatoe:0011
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Corruption; Information and Communication Technology; Democracy; Per Capita Income.;

    JEL classification:

    • C23 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Single Equation Models; Single Variables - - - Models with Panel Data; Spatio-temporal Models
    • D73 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Bureaucracy; Administrative Processes in Public Organizations; Corruption
    • O33 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Innovation; Research and Development; Technological Change; Intellectual Property Rights - - - Technological Change: Choices and Consequences; Diffusion Processes

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