IDEAS home Printed from https://ideas.repec.org/a/ris/invreg/0349.html
   My bibliography  Save this article

La participación de los agentes económicos y sociales en la revitalización de los municipios rurales

Author

Listed:
  • Moyano Pesquera , Pedro Benito

    () (Universidad de Valladolid)

  • Miranda Escolar, Belén

    (Universidad de Valladolid)

  • Gordo Gómez , Pablo

    (Universidad de Valladolid)

Abstract

Las políticas de desarrollo rural llevadas a cabo por la Unión Europea han evolucionado en paralelo a los cambios en el medio rural producidos durante las últimas décadas. La principal innovación en el anterior periodo de programación 2007-2013 fue incorporar una nueva metodología transversal fundamentada en el eje LEADER o eje 4. Para fomentar la interacción entre los diferentes agentes económicos y los sectores público y privado, el diseño y puesta en marcha de la estrategia de desarrollo rural se pone en mano de colectivos agrarios y rurales presentes en las diferentes comarcas, es decir, de actores locales, denominados Grupos de Acción Local (GAL) o Grupos de Desarrollo Rural. Los 264 Grupos encargados de gestionar los procesos de desarrollo rural en España, aunque integrados bajo el mismo sistema normativo, presentan pocos elementos comunes. Por el contrario, muestran enormes diferencias tanto en sus características internas como en las de los territorios sobre las que han actuado durante el citado periodo. El objetivo de esta comunicación es determinar si las características internas de cada GAL están relacionadas con la eficacia de su actuación, es decir, con el desarrollo de los municipios rurales, especialmente, de aquellos que precisan ser revitalizados de manera prioritaria. El contraste se realiza mediante el análisis estadístico de tablas de contingencia obtenidas de la categorización de las variables indicativas de la revitalización territorial (evolución demográfica, mercado laboral y creación de empresas) y de las representativas de las características de los GAL (dimensión, concentración de la población y composición de sus órganos de participación y gobierno). Rural development policies applied by the European Union have evolved in parallel with changes in rural areas over the last few decades. The main innovation in 2007-2013 programming period was the inclusion of a new crossmethodological axis, the Axis LEADER or axis 4. In order to ensure a greater interaction between different economic agents and the public and private sectors, in this new approach, agricultural and rural groups embedded in the territory are entrusted with the design and implementation of rural development strategy. These local actors are the Local Action Groups or Rural Development Groups. The analysis of 264 Local Action groups in charge of the rural development in Spain discloses that they have few features in common, although they share the same regulatory framework. In fact, during the analysed period, they show big differences in their internal characteristics and, also, in the characteristics of territories where they have implemented their activities. The aim of this paper is to analyse whether the internal characteristics of these Groups are related to their efficiency to achieve the development of rural municipalities, in particular for those municipalities where revitalising is a main priority. Contingency tables are used to statistically contrast the relationship between territorial revitalisation variables (demographic trends, labour market and business creation indicators) and variables that characterise the Local Action Groups and their territories (size of territories/groups, concentration of the population, structure of governance bodies, mechanisms of participation in governance bodies).

Suggested Citation

  • Moyano Pesquera , Pedro Benito & Miranda Escolar, Belén & Gordo Gómez , Pablo, 2017. "La participación de los agentes económicos y sociales en la revitalización de los municipios rurales," INVESTIGACIONES REGIONALES - Journal of REGIONAL RESEARCH, Asociación Española de Ciencia Regional, issue 38, pages 91-115.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:invreg:0349
    as

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL: http://investigacionesregionales.org/wp-content/uploads/sites/3/2017/11/05-MOYANO.pdf
    File Function: Full text
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item

    Keywords

    LEADER; Grupos de Acción Local; Desarrollo rural; Municipios a revitalizar;

    JEL classification:

    • O18 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Urban, Rural, Regional, and Transportation Analysis; Housing; Infrastructure
    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

    Statistics

    Access and download statistics

    Corrections

    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ris:invreg:0349. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Julieta Llungo-Ortíz). General contact details of provider: http://edirc.repec.org/data/aecrrea.html .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.