IDEAS home Printed from
   My bibliography  Save this article

Assessing the Impact of Trade Liberalization: The Case of Jordan


  • Busse, Matthias

    () (Ruhr-University of Bochum)

  • Gröning, Steffen

    (Hamburg Institute of International Economics)


This paper assesses the impact of Jordan’s substantial trade liberalization over the last two decades. Using a gravity model, a large country sample, and a long time-series, we estimate the effects of various Free Trade Agreements (FTAs) and the World Trade Organization (WTO) accession on both Jordan’s exports and imports. Overall, we find that the impact has been rather small, as no statistically significant and robust impact on exports and imports can be found due to multilateral or preferential trade liberalization. However, there is one exception: the FTA with the United States of America has boosted Jordan’s exports to the US to a considerable degree.

Suggested Citation

  • Busse, Matthias & Gröning, Steffen, 2012. "Assessing the Impact of Trade Liberalization: The Case of Jordan," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 27, pages 466-486.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:integr:0581

    Download full text from publisher

    File URL:
    File Function: Full text
    Download Restriction: no

    More about this item


    Jordan; Trade Liberalization; Free Trade Agreements; WTO Accession;

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade


    Access and download statistics


    All material on this site has been provided by the respective publishers and authors. You can help correct errors and omissions. When requesting a correction, please mention this item's handle: RePEc:ris:integr:0581. See general information about how to correct material in RePEc.

    For technical questions regarding this item, or to correct its authors, title, abstract, bibliographic or download information, contact: (Jong-Eun Lee). General contact details of provider: .

    If you have authored this item and are not yet registered with RePEc, we encourage you to do it here. This allows to link your profile to this item. It also allows you to accept potential citations to this item that we are uncertain about.

    We have no references for this item. You can help adding them by using this form .

    If you know of missing items citing this one, you can help us creating those links by adding the relevant references in the same way as above, for each refering item. If you are a registered author of this item, you may also want to check the "citations" tab in your RePEc Author Service profile, as there may be some citations waiting for confirmation.

    Please note that corrections may take a couple of weeks to filter through the various RePEc services.

    IDEAS is a RePEc service hosted by the Research Division of the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis . RePEc uses bibliographic data supplied by the respective publishers.