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The Effect of ASEAN Economic Integration on Foreign Direct Investment


  • Wana Ismail, Normaz

    () (University Putra Malaysia)

  • Smith, Peter

    () (University of Southampton)


The primary concern of this study is to highlight AFTA’s roles in increasing ASEAN countries’ attractiveness for FDI from members and non-members, noting that the agreement has been followed by many packages to enhance FDI flows into the region. The time period cover in this study is after the AFTA has been implemented (1995 to 2003). The gravity model is employed in this study in the analysis based on cross section and panel data analysis. There are two main effects are considered in this study, namely the effects of REI on intra-regional FDI flows and on extra-regional FDI flows. The major finding of this study is the ASEAN5 invest in each other less than they invested in the new ASEAN members. The empirical results from extra-regional-FDI revealed that the European countries increase investment in ASEAN than any other region in the sample. Moreover, further investigation also found that the USA and Japan invested more in ASEAN5 than in the new ASEAN members.

Suggested Citation

  • Wana Ismail, Normaz & Smith, Peter, 2009. "The Effect of ASEAN Economic Integration on Foreign Direct Investment," Journal of Economic Integration, Center for Economic Integration, Sejong University, vol. 24, pages 385-407.
  • Handle: RePEc:ris:integr:0479

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    Cited by:

    1. Li, Qiaomin & Scollay, Robert & Maani, Sholeh, 2016. "Effects on China and ASEAN of the ASEAN-China FTA: The FDI perspective," Journal of Asian Economics, Elsevier, vol. 44(C), pages 1-19.
    2. World Bank, "undated". "World Bank East Asia and Pacific Economic Update, April 2014 : Preserving Stability and Promoting Growth," World Bank Other Operational Studies 18378, The World Bank.
    3. repec:spt:fininv:v:6:y:2017:i:3:f:6_3_4 is not listed on IDEAS
    4. repec:agr:journl:v:3(612):y:2017:i:3(612):p:51-62 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item


    ASEAN; AFTA; foreign direct investment; gravity model;

    JEL classification:

    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements


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